Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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ARTICLE
Year : 1993  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-17

An Incidence Study of Schizophrenia in India


1 Ex-Professor & Head, Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh-160 012, India
2 Professor & Head, Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh-160 012, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh-160 012, India
4 Ex-Project Psychiatrist, Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh-160 012, India
5 Ex-Social Scientist, Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh-160 012, India
6 Ex-Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh-160 012, India
7 Ex-Senior Resident, Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh-160 012, India

Correspondence Address:
Vijoy K Varma
Professor & Head, Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh-160 012
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 21776160

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Under a WHO collaborative study, the Chandigarh center monitored two geographically defined populations over a 2-year period. Using helping-agency-coverage and other methods along with a set of specified criteria, 268 first-onset potentially schizophrenic cases were actively identified. Of these, 232 cases could be assessed in detail which included 2W schizophrenics as per specified ICD-9 or Catego criteria. The annual incidence rates obtained were 4.4 and 3.8 per 10,000 for rural and urban areas, respectively. The rural cohort had a higher incidence for each of the three diagnostic definitions. In the urban cohort, sex and diagnostic definition did not affect the incidence. In the rural cohort, females had a lower incidence for Catego S+ and a higher incidence for other diagnostic definitions.



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