Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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ARTICLE
Year : 1999  |  Volume : 41  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 280-288

Toward Suicide Prevention


FNA, Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry, Madura/Medical College, Madurai, India

Correspondence Address:
Venkoba A Rao
Tilak, No.506, K. K. Nagar, Madurai-625020
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 21430799

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Suicide is an important mode of death. There are many psychiatrically ill patients in therapy running different degree of suicide risk. The risk of death by suicide is with almost all psychiatric illnesses, but it is found more with depressive disease, schizophrenia and personality disorder. Many studies have reported higher incidences of suicide attempts and suicide among alcoholics, which is often precipitated by family crises. Drug problems, low threshold for tolerance of day to day frustration, unemployement and poor parenting are major causes for youth suicide. There is biological evidence of suicidal behaviour. Fall in the level of serotonin and 5-HIAA in the CSF and in hind brain is found in subjects dying from suicide. Researchers have found decreased melatonin level in depression and suicide attempters. Long term therapy with antidepressants (Tricyclics), mood stabilizers (lithium and valproate) and new SSRIs prevent relapses and lessen suicide. It was concluded that general hospital doctors are in position of reducing suicide rates. Education of physician in detection of depression and suicide prevention will result in decline in number of suicides. The important measures include limiting the ability of methods of self-harm, antidepressants, paracetamol and insecticides.



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