Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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ARTICLE
Year : 2000  |  Volume : 42  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 427-433

A Study of Psychiatric Manifestations of Physically Asymptomatic HIV - I Seropositive Individuals


1 Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Andhra Medical College and Government Hospital for Mental Care, Visakhapatnam-530 023, India
2 Postgraduate Student, Department of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Andhra Medical College and King George Hospital, India
3 Professor & Head, Department of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Andhra Medical College and King George Hospital, India
4 Professors, Head, Department of Psychiatry, Andhra Medical College and Superintendent, Government Hospital for Mental Care, Visakhapatnam-530 023, India

Correspondence Address:
Ramanand Satapathy
Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Andhra Medical College and Government Hospital for Mental Care, Visakhapatnam-530 023
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 21407982

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Neuropsychiatric disorders are common both secondary to the complications of immune suppression and as direct effects of HIV on the brain. A high prevalence of psychiatric disorder is reported both in physically asymptomatic and symptomatic persons. A thorough search was made in MEDLAR for the research literature available in the field of neuropsychiatric manifestations of AIDS. There is paucity of literature particularly in India and to be more specific in asymptomatic AIDS individuals, hence this study is intended to fill up the lacuna. The findings of this study show that the prevalence rate of psychiatric manifestations is 90% in HIV positive individuals and 33% in HIV negative group. This rate is significantly high though they are not suffering with physically disabling symptoms. So, the coping mechanisms and defence mechanisms in an individual who acquired HIV infection should be assessed and the significance of counselling before screening, plays a major role in the management of asymptomatic positive and negative individual.



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