Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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BRIEF RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS
Year : 2005  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 51-53

Neurocognitive function in women affected by the Bhopal gas disaster


1 Department of Psychiatry, Hamidia Hospital, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, MP, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Hamidia Hospital, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, MP, India

Correspondence Address:
R N Sahu
Department of Psychiatry, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, MP
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.46076

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Background: Methyl isocynate (MIC) is a reactive, toxic, volatile and inflammable gas. Exposure to MIC causes neurotoxicity and somatic abnormalities in human beings. Aim : We compared neurocognitive function in MIC-exposed women and a control group, as well as cognitive function in the MIC group and examined them with reference to age. Methods: The study sample comprised 30 women and a control group of 30 women. Both the groups were subjected to a detailed neuropsychiatric examination along with assessment of neurocognitive function using the PGI-Battery of Brain Dysfunction (PGI-BBD). Results: Mean scores of immediate recall, visual retention, difference in performance quotient/verbal quotient, Nahar-Bensen and Bender-Gestalt test were significantly affected in MIC-exposed women. However, among MIC-exposed women, neurocognitive functions were similarly affected in women in various age groups. Conclusion: Women in the MIC-exposed group had significant neurocognitive dysfunction in some specific areas as compared to women in the control group. The mean score of dysfunction rating of the PGI-BBD showed significant differences in neurocognitive functions between MIC-exposed and non-exposed women.



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