Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPERS
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 48  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 143-148

An estimate of the monthly cost of two major mental disorders in an Indian metropolis


1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Sciences, Dilshad Garden, Delhi 110095, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Park Street, New Delhi 11000, India

Correspondence Address:
S N Deshpande
Room No. 16, Department of Psychiatry, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Park Street, New Delhi-110001
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.31576

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Background: The components of high cost of treating a chronic psychiatric illness are: long-term continuous treatment consisting of consultation and medication costs, traveling to the treatment centre and taking time off from work for both patient and caregiver. Apart from direct treatment costs, expenditure of time in care­giving results in indirect costs. All these costs are borne by families as the sufferer may be unable to work. Aim: To estimate the cost of treatment of chronically ill patients at home, in terms of the above parameters. Methods: The sample consisted of 117 subjects of either sex in the age range of 18 to 60 years, ill for at least one year, diagnosed as schizophrenia (n=95) or bipolar disorder (n=22, a comparison group) who agreed to participate in the study along with at least one caregiver. The tools used were the Diagnostic Interview of Genetic Studies and Economic Burden Questionnaire administered to both the subject and the caregiver. Results and conclusions: The costs of treatment were found to be high but with wide variations in the range. Costs for bipolar disorder were somewhat higher than those for schizophrenia at least for the period of study. Demographic differences between subjects and caregivers were present.



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