|ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPERS
|Year : 2006 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 159-164
Prevalence of conduct disorder in schoolchildren of Kanke
Sujit Sarkhel, Vinod Kumar Sinha, Manu Arora, Pushpal DeSarkar
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Centre for Cognitive Neurosciences, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Kanke, Ranchi 834006, Jharkhand, India
Background: Prevalence estimates of conduct disorder, one of the most frequently diagnosed psychiatric conditions in children, vary widely from 0.2% to 8.7%.
Aim: To find out the prevalence of conduct disorder and its DSM-IV subtypes and comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in 4 schools of Kanke block among students of classes V to X.
Methods: A total of 240 students, selected by stratified random sampling, were subjected to the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children: Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) screening interview. Nineteen students who qualified were subjected to conduct disorder and ADHD supplement of K-SADS-PL with additional information from parents.
Results: Conduct disorder was found in 4.58%; the ratio of boys to girls being 4.5:1. Childhood onset was found in 73% and adolescent onset in 27%. Mild conduct disorder was found in 36%, moderate in 64% and severe conduct disorder in none. Comorbid ADHD was found in 36%, hyperactive-impulsive being predominant. Significant difference was found in temperament between students with and without conduct disorder with difficult temperament predominating in the former and easy in the latter (p=0.004). Lying, bullying and cruelty to animals were most frequent symptoms.
Conclusion: The prevalence of conduct disorder was 4.58%, more common in boys, the majority had childhood onset, and one-third had comorbid ADHD.
Central Institute of Psychiatry, Kanke, Ranchi 834006, Jharkhand
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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