Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2007  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 49-51

A follow up study of seasonality in affective disorders: A preliminary study


Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Ajit Avasthi
Department of Psychiatry, PGIMER, Chandigarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.31518

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Background: Researchers have evinced interest in the effect of seasonality on certain behavioural and emotional disorders, the most prominent being Affective Disorders. Aim: To assess the pattern of seasonality and the clinical course in cases of affective disorder in a tertiary care psychiatric centre in North India. Materials and Methods: Thirteen patients diagnosed as cases of affective disorder as per ICD- 10 DCR (F30-39) were re-assessed using seasonal pattern assessment questionnaire (SPAQ) after a period of 5-7 years. Results: Majority of the patients (53.8%) were males. Recurrent depressive disorder current episode moderate with/without somatic syndrome was the commonest current diagnosis as per ICD-10 DCR. Mean global seasonality score was 3.46 (S.D, 6.55; range 1-24) as assessed by SPAQ. Most of the patients did not report any variation in mood, behaviour, sleep pattern and weight fluctuations. Conclusions: It has been demonstrated that manifestation of an affective disorder is not necessarily associated with high seasonality change.



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