Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 103-108

Prevalence and risk factors of psychiatric disorders in an industrial population in India


1 State Office, UN House - 1, Surya Nagar, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India
2 Wolverhampton City Primary Care Trust; Wolverhampton, United Kingdom
3 National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, India
4 Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India

Correspondence Address:
Jagadisha Thirthalli
National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.33256

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Background: Recent information on psychiatric morbidity in industrial employees is not available in India. Such information may help in building mental health care for this population. Aim: The aim was to study the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity and the risk factors associated with it in an industrial population. Materials and Methods: Two hundred thirty-eight individuals were selected by a stratified randomisation technique and screened using the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12), Johns Hopkins University Hospital Test for alcoholism and a semistructured questionnaire for other substance use, sleep problems and past psychiatric history. Following a detailed clinical interview, diagnoses were based on International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10, Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders: Diagnostic Criteria for Research (DCR). Results: The prevalence rate for psychiatric disorder of one month's duration in the study population was 51.7%. Substance use, depression, anxiety and sleep disorders were common. Comorbidities were found in 65% of the subjects. Both univariate analysis and stepwise multiple regression revealed that educational level, perceived stress, job satisfaction and stressful life events were the independent determinants of psychiatric morbidity. Conclusion: A significant proportion of industrial employees had psychiatric morbidity and many psychosocial factors were associated with caseness.



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