Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
Home | About us | Current Issue | Archives | Ahead of Print | Submission | Instructions | Subscribe | Advertise | Contact | Login 
    Users online: 2392 Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Print this article Email this article Bookmark this page
Search Again
 Table of Contents
 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Article Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert
 Add to My List
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded794    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal

Year : 2007  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 200-204

Family intervention therapy in alcohol dependence syndrome: One-year follow-up study

1 Assistant professor of Psychiatry, Govt. Medical College, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
2 Consultant Psychiatrist, ICCONS, Shornur, Palaghat, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
P N Suresh Kumar
Malaparamba Housing Colony, Calicut - 673 009, Kerala
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.37322

Rights and Permissions

Background: Among the various treatment modalities, family intervention is the most notable current advance in the area of psychosocial treatment of alcoholism. Aim: To assess the impact of family intervention therapy as an adjuvant to pharmacotherapy in alcohol-dependent subjects in a case-control study design. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients who satisfied DSM-IV Criteria for alcohol dependence syndrome were given the right package of family intervention therapy. Thirty age-, sex- and 'marital status'-matched patients who satisfied the same diagnostic criteria were given only brief supportive psychotherapy. Both groups were assessed at base line, six months and at one year using Michigan Alcohol Screening Test, Motivation Scale, Rotter's Locus of Control, Family Intervention Pattern Scale and Presumptive Stressful Events Scale. Primary efficacy variable was cumulative abstinence duration, and secondary efficacy variables were relapse rate and time to first drink. Results: Family intervention therapy significantly reduced the severity of alcohol intake, improved the motivation to stop alcohol and changed the locus of control from external to internal in the study group. Control group experienced more severe stressful life events than the study group during the follow-up periods. Drop-out rate was comparable in both groups. Conclusion: Combining pharmacological treatment with appropriate psychosocial therapies focusing on the specific problem of the patient provides better outcome than either of these therapies given alone.



Print this article         Email this article