|Year : 2008 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 21-23
Prevalence and pattern of mental disability using Indian disability evaluation assessment scale in a rural community of Karnataka
S Ganesh Kumar1, Acharya Das2, PV Bhandary3, Shashi Joyce Soans1, HN Harsha Kumar1, MS Kotian1
1 Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, K. S. Hegde Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
3 A. V. Baliga Charitable Hospital and Psychiatrist, District Govt. Hospital, Udupi district, Karnataka, India
Background: In the present era, mental disability is a major public health problem in the society. Many of the mental disabilities are correctable if detected early.
Objectives: To assess the prevalence and pattern of mental disability.
Setting and Design: Community-based cross-sectional study. One thousand subjects in all age groups were randomly selected from four villages in Udupi district, Karnataka.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted by making house-to-house visits, interviewing, and examining all the individuals in the families selected with pre-designed and pretested questionnaire.
Statistical Analysis: Proportions, chi-square test.
Results and Conclusion: The prevalence of mental disability was found to be 2.3%. The prevalence was higher among females (3.1%) than among males (1.5%). The prevalence was higher among the elderly age group and illiterates. There is ample scope for community-based rehabilitation of the mentally disabled.
S Ganesh Kumar
Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore - 575 001, Karnataka
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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