Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 50  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-23

Prevalence and pattern of mental disability using Indian disability evaluation assessment scale in a rural community of Karnataka


1 Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, K. S. Hegde Medical College, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
3 A. V. Baliga Charitable Hospital and Psychiatrist, District Govt. Hospital, Udupi district, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
S Ganesh Kumar
Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore - 575 001, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.39754

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Background: In the present era, mental disability is a major public health problem in the society. Many of the mental disabilities are correctable if detected early. Objectives: To assess the prevalence and pattern of mental disability. Setting and Design: Community-based cross-sectional study. One thousand subjects in all age groups were randomly selected from four villages in Udupi district, Karnataka. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted by making house-to-house visits, interviewing, and examining all the individuals in the families selected with pre-designed and pretested questionnaire. Statistical Analysis: Proportions, chi-square test. Results and Conclusion: The prevalence of mental disability was found to be 2.3%. The prevalence was higher among females (3.1%) than among males (1.5%). The prevalence was higher among the elderly age group and illiterates. There is ample scope for community-based rehabilitation of the mentally disabled.



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