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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 122-126

Behavior profile of children with nephrotic syndrome


1 Department of Psychiatry, Calcutta Medical College, 88 College Street, Kolkata - 700 073, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, Calcutta Medical College, 88 College Street, Kolkata - 700 073, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Prathama Guha
VII - 14 Purbachal, Sector 3, Salt Lake, Kolkata - 700 097
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.49452

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Background: Nephrotic syndrome, a primarily paediatric disease, is associated with a high relapse rate. Studies have reported behavioral and psychological difficulties in children with nephrotic syndrome, their caregivers and siblings, a factor that is likely to influence the overall outcome of the disease in an adverse manner. In clinical practice, however, the psychosocial aspects of care may be overlooked in the pressure to treat the disease process, unless their importance is stressed by appropriate evidence. Objectives: The study aims to assess the prevalence of behavior abnormalities in children with nephrotic syndrome attending the renal clinic of a state medical college in eastern India and to compare this with the prevalence in a control group of school children without any detectable physical illness. It also aims to explore the relationship between sociodemographic, disease, and treatment related variables and behavioral abnormalities in the nephrotic syndrome group. Materials and Methods: We assessed the prevalence of behavior abnormalities in 50 consecutive children with nephrotic syndrome attending the renal clinic of a state medical college and 51 school children as controls using the Developmental Psychopathology Checklist (DPCL). We also assessed the statistical association between sociodemographic, disease and treatment related variables and behavior profile in the nephrotic children group. Results: Prevalence of behavior disturbance in children with nephrotic syndrome was 68%, significantly higher than that in the control group (21.6%). The behavior abnormalities found in the nephrotic syndrome group were hyperkinesis, obsessive compulsive neurosis, conduct disorder, and emotional disorder, in that order. Frequency of relapse and low socioeconomic status showed significant association with presence of behavior disturbance in the nephrotic syndrome group. This association persisted even after adjusting for other sociodemographic, disease, and treatment related variables, including steroid therapy.



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