Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 291-296

Indian research on suicide


Sneha, Voluntary Health Services, 25/21 Ranjit Road, Kotturpuram, Chennai - 600 085, India

Correspondence Address:
Lakshmi Vijayakumar
25/21 Ranjit Road, Kotturpuram, Chennai - 600 085
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.69255

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The suicide rate in India is 10.3. In the last three decades, the suicide rate has increased by 43% but the male female ratio has been stable at 1.4 : 1. Majority (71%) of suicide in India are by persons below the age of 44 years which imposes a huge social, emotional and economic burden. Fifty four articles on suicides have been published in IJP. Several studies reveal that suicidal behaviours are much more prevalent than what is officially reported. Poisoning, hanging and self immolation (particularly women) were the methods to commit suicide. Physical and mental illness, disturbed interpersonal relationships and economic difficulties were the major reasons for suicide. The vulnerable population was found to be women, students, farmers etc. A social and public health response in addition to a mental health response is crucial to prevent suicidal behaviour in India.



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