Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 289-299

Serotonin transporter gene polymorphism and psychiatric disorders: Is there a link?


1 Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences-Kashmir, Kashmir, India
2 Behavioral Genetics and Neurobiology Research Laboratory, Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences-Kashmir, Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Mushtaq A Margoob
Post Graduate Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences-Kashmir, Badamwari, Srinagar, Kashmir
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.91901

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Though still in infancy, the field of psychiatric genetics holds great potential to contribute to the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic options to treat these disorders. Among a large number of existing neurotransmitter systems, the serotonin system dysfunction has been implicated in many psychiatric disorders and therapeutic efficacy of many drugs is also thought to be based on modulation of serotonin. Serotonin transporter gene polymorphism is one of the most extensively studied polymorphisms in psychiatric behavioral genetics. In this article, we review the status of evidence for association between the serotonin gene polymorphism and some common mental disorders like affective disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, suicide, autism, and other anxiety and personality disorders. Going beyond traditional association studies, gene-environment interaction, currently gaining momentum, is also discussed in the review. While the existing information of psychiatric genetics is inadequate for putting into practice genetic testing in the diagnostic work-up of the psychiatric patient, if consistent in future research attempts, such results can be of great help to improve the clinical care of a vast majority of patients suffering from such disorders.



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