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LETTER TO EDITOR  
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 292-293
Targeting adolescents for mental health literacy via NIMHANS life skill education model


Department of Psychiatry, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, #82, Nallurahalli, Whitefield, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

Click here for correspondence address and email

Date of Web Publication15-Oct-2012
 

How to cite this article:
Loganathan S. Targeting adolescents for mental health literacy via NIMHANS life skill education model. Indian J Psychiatry 2012;54:292-3

How to cite this URL:
Loganathan S. Targeting adolescents for mental health literacy via NIMHANS life skill education model. Indian J Psychiatry [serial online] 2012 [cited 2019 Sep 20];54:292-3. Available from: http://www.indianjpsychiatry.org/text.asp?2012/54/3/292/102449


Sir,

Interventions to increase awareness and educate people about mental illness have included adolescents as they are a promising group to intervene. [1],[2],[3] Adolescence is a distinct period in the development of attitudes towards mental illness, and developing stereotypes about a group of people is not developed until adolescence. [4] Norman and Malla found that giving importance to psychosocial aspects of mental illness, or projecting medical aspects of mental illness in a way that supports positive social attitudes towards the mentally ill, would promote acceptance of the mentally ill. [1] Schulze and colleagues, in their intervention with adolescents clarified that adolescent's attitudes about schizophrenia could be changed. [3] Adolescence is a crucial period of development where crises may lead to suicidal behavior or substance use; a phase during which development of chronic and disabling psychiatric illnesses such as schizophrenia or obsessive-compulsive disorder can have an onset.

In India, the training of teachers is an important component of the District Mental Health Program (DMHP). In the previous edition of this journal, Bharath and Kumar, illustrated the successful promotion of children and adolescents' health based on the NIMHANS model of life-skills education (LSE). [5] Aspects relevant to teenagers and adolescents as they experience transition from childhood to being a youth were conveyed: motivation, anger management, preventing drug use, sex education, career development, etc. The LSE program could include a mental health literacy component on increasing awareness and promoting positive attitudes about mental illness. Inclusion of a mental health literacy component targeted at adolescents could have the following implications. First, mental health awareness is poor in India, and interventions to improve mental health literacy are largely inadequate. By improving awareness about mental illnesses among adolescents, they could serve as agents of change and spread awareness among others. In a study conducted in Rawalpindi, in Pakistan, Rehman and colleagues evaluated school children on aspects of mental health. [6] It was observed that knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about mental health issues improved among children and was extended to their friends, relatives, and neighbors. Children were chosen in this study as they were an important source of information to the rural and illiterate community. Adolescents, being slightly older than school children, could serve as an important source of information to others especially in rural, illiterate parts of India. Second, educating adolescents about disorders related to their own developmental phase would empower them with knowledge of common psychological conditions related to their age group. It is hoped that with intervention, they may take measures to prevent the onset of such conditions and spread awareness among their peers. Third, since there is an ongoing attempt to promote their well-being through a life skills approach, it would be useful to incorporate mental health literacy component and utilize this segment as a target audience for improving and spreading awareness about mental health literacy. This could save time, manpower, and resources in a country drained of manpower and resources. Lastly, by targeting adolescents when their attitudes are still developing, it is hoped that positive attitudes that are instilled, prevent the development of stereotypes or prejudice towards the mentally ill. This can possibly reduce stigma and discrimination and prevent possible human rights violations that are associated with people suffering from mental illness.

It would be useful to test the efficacy of such an intervention with a randomized-controlled trial before introducing it into the existing program. Intervention with adolescents alone as a target audience cannot completely address the lack of awareness on mental health issues in India or any other developing country. There is a need for a comprehensive, long-term mental health literacy program that targets many more segments and addresses a larger proportion of the community. This is an example suggested among many innovative and cost-effective strategies in a setting with a limited budget, manpower, and resources.

 
   References Top

1.Norman RM, Malla AK. Adolescent's attitudes towards mental illness: Relationship between components and sex differences. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 1983;18: 45-50.  Back to cited text no. 1
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2.Battaglia J, Coverdale JH, Bushong CP. Evaluation of a mental illness awareness week program in public schools. Am J Psychiatry 1990; 147: 324-9.  Back to cited text no. 2
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3.Schulze B, Richter-Werling M, Matschinger H, Angermeyer MC. Crazy? So what! Effects of a school project on students' attitudes towards people with schizophrenia. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2003; 107:142-50.  Back to cited text no. 3
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4.Flavell JH, Miller PH, Miller SA. Cognitive Development. 3 rd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice- Hall; 2002.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.Bharath S, Kumar KK. Empowering adolescents with life skills education in schools- School mental health program: Does it work? Indian J Psychiatry 2010; 52:344-9.   Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.Rahman A, Mubbashar MH, Gater R, Goldberg D. Randomized trial of impact of school mental health program in rural Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Lancet 1998; 352:1022-5.0  Back to cited text no. 6
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Correspondence Address:
Santosh Loganathan
Department of Psychiatry, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, #82, Nallurahalli, Whitefield, Bangalore, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.102449

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This article has been cited by
1 Audience segmentation: identifying key stakeholders for mental health literacy interventions in India
Santosh Loganathan,Matthew Kreuter
Journal of Public Mental Health. 2014; 13(3): 159
[Pubmed] | [DOI]



 

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