Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 46-51

Life events, social support, coping strategies, and quality of life in attempted suicide: A case‑control study

1 Department of Psychiatry, KMCT Medical College, Calicut, Kerala, India
2 Community Medicine, Govt. Medical College, Calicut, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
P N Suresh Kumar
Department of Psychiatry, Anaswara, Vazhathuruthi Road, P. O. Civil Station, Calicut - 673 020, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.105504

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Background: Though deliberate self-harm encompasses a wide variety of medical and social disciplines some of the important psychosocial variable such as life events, social support, coping strategies, and quality of life have not yet been explored in depth in India. Aims: The aim was to analyze and compare the type and severity of life events, coping strategies, social support, and quality of life of suicide attempters versus matched normal controls, and to identify the risk factors leading to suicide. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 consecutive suicide attempters were compared with same number of age, sex, and martial status matched healthy controls using Presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale, Social Support Questionnaire, AECOM Coping Style Scale, and WHO QOL-Bref. Results: Attempters experienced significantly more life events especially untoward events whereas the control group experienced more desirable and impersonal life events. Social support, positive coping, and of QOL were significantly lower in attempters. Among all risk factors desirable life events, good education, and good social support were protective against suicide. Conclusion: Suicide attempters were differentiated from healthy controls based on more stressful life events, lower social support, less healthy coping, and poor QOL. Positive life events, good education, and good social support were protective factors against suicide. However, it is difficult to pinpoint a single factor responsible for suicidal behavior. It is the complex interplay of various interrelated factors and the resultant buffering effect, which is protecting the individual against deliberate self-harm.



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