Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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BRIEF RESEARCH COMMUNICATION
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 77-80

Prevalence of depression and anxiety in irritable bowel syndrome: A clinic based study from India


1 Kent and Medway NHS and Social Care Partnership trust, United Kingdom
2 Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Neeraj Kabra
Liaison Psychiatry, Medway Maritime Hospital, Purple Zone, Windmill Road, Gillingham, Kent, ME7 5NY
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.105520

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Background: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a very common gastrointestinal dysfunction. Despite strong evidence of high prevalence of depression and anxiety in IBS there is very limited research on this in India. Materials and Methods: Cases of IBS and controls with non-ulcerative dyspepsia were recruited from a gastroenterology clinic in Mumbai, India. Presence of anxiety disorder and depression were assessed by using the Hamilton Anxiety rating scale and Hamilton Depression rating scale respectively. Prevalence rates of anxiety and depression were established and Odds Ratio (OR) was calculated to determine the association of depression and anxiety disorders with IBS. Results: In IBS cases, the prevalence of depression and anxiety disorder was 37.1% and 31.4% respectively. In patients with IBS the OR for depression was 6.3 (95% CI 1.6-24.74, P=0.009) and the OR for anxiety disorder was 7.56 (95% CI 1.53-37.29, P=0.01). Conclusion: The prevalence of depression and anxiety disorder in IBS is very high. Therefore, screening of IBS patients for anxiety and depression would facilitate better interventions and consequently better outcomes.



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