|Year : 2013 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 125-130
Patient health questionnaire for screening psychiatric disorders in secondary healthcare
Ankur Barua1, George P Jacob2, Syed Safvi Mahmood2
1 Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India; International Medical University, Kuala Lampur, Malaysia
2 Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India
Background: The adult population often suffers from a number of physical and mental problems. This study was conducted to determine the proportion of mental illnesses in adult population visiting the outpatient departments at Dr. TMA Pai Rotary Hospital, Karkala and to study the socio-demographic correlates of psychiatric disorders.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during March 2004 among 193 adult individuals of 18 years and above at Dr. TMA Pai Rotary Hospital, Karkala, Karnataka. Data was analyzed by the statistical package for social sciences version 10.0 for windows and results were expressed in terms of proportions and their 95% confidence intervals (CI). Chi-square test, multiple logistic regression with adjusted odds ratio and its 95% CI.
Results: The proportion of psychiatric disorders in adult population was determined to be 39.9%. Proportion of psychiatric morbidity among males and females were 36.2 and 42.2%, respectively.
Conclusion: This study revealed that socio-demographic correlates like age group of 50 years and above, unemployed or housewives, living alone, and a history of psychiatric illness in the family were independently associated with psychiatric disorders in adult population.
Department of Community Medicine, International Medical University, No. 126, Jalan Jalil Perkasa 19, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lampur, Malaysia
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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