Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 323-330

Group psychotherapies for depression in persons with HIV: A systematic review


1 Department of Psychiatry, Chethana Trust, Mysore, Karnataka, India
2 Holdsworth Memorial Hospital Mandi Mohalla, Mysore, Karnataka, India; Department of Biostatistics, University of Edgehill, Lancashire, UK
3 Holdsworth Memorial Hospital Mandi Mohalla, Mysore, Karnataka, India
4 BCULHB Department of Psychiatry, Centre for Mental Health and Society, Bangor University, UK

Correspondence Address:
Abhijit Ramanna Honagodu
Prerana Hospital Mysore, Karnataka, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.120541

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Studies investigating effectiveness of group psychotherapy intervention in depression in persons with HIV have showed varying results with differing effect sizes. A systematic review of randomized controlled trials of group psychotherapy in depression in persons with HIV has been conducted to present the best available evidence in relation to its effect on depressive symptomatology. Electronic databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials. Selected studies were quality assessed and data extracted by two reviewers. If feasible, it was planned to conduct a meta-analysis to obtain a pooled effect size of group psychotherapeutic interventions on depressive symptoms. Odds ratio for drop out from group was calculated. The studies were assessed for their quality using the Quality Rating Scale and other parameters for quality assessment set out by COCHRANE. The quality of reporting of the trials was compared against the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) checklist for non-pharmacological studies (CONSORT-NPT). Four studies met the full inclusion criteria for systematic review. The trials included in the review examined group interventions based on the Cognitive behavioral therapy model against other therapeutic interventions or waiting list controls. In all four studies, group psychotherapy was an effective intervention for reducing depressive symptoms in persons with HIV in comparison to waiting list controls. The reported benefits from the group psychotherapy in comparison to active controls were less impressive. There were no statistically significant differences in drop outs at post treatments across group psychotherapy, wait list control, and other active interventions. The methodological quality of the studies varied. The quality of reporting of the studies was sub-optimal. The results of this systematic review support that group psychological interventions for depression in persons with HIV have a significant effect on depressive symptomatology. This review also indicates that group cognitive behavioral therapies are an acceptable psychological intervention for persons with HIV and comorbid depression.



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