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BRIEF RESEARCH COMMUNICATION
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 376-379

The course and outcome of alcohol use disorders in men in Goa: A population- based follow-up study


1 Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK; Sangath, Goa
2 Sangath, Goa
3 South Asia Network for Chronic Disease, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India; Department of Non-communicable Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK

Correspondence Address:
Abhijit Nadkarni
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.120573

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Background: Research on the natural history and long-term outcomes of alcohol use disorders (AUD) is important to guide health policy. However, attrition is a major challenge in longitudinal studies and can affect validity of findings. Materials and Methods: A 4-year follow-up study was conducted on a randomly selected subgroup of a sample of men in rural and urban communities in Goa to assess attrition, preliminary estimates of AUD outcomes, and chronic disease risk factors. Results: Overall attrition rate was 16.7% with a higher attrition in AUD compared to abstainers or casual drinkers. Incidence of AUD at 4 years was 12.8% while the persistence rate of AUD was 53.9%. A trend for poorer health and health behaviors and higher blood pressure was observed in AUD. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest a relatively low attrition rate despite the long follow-up period and support the feasibility of conducting a definitive cohort study with the entire sample.



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