|Year : 2014 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 238-245
Suttur study: An epidemiological study of psychiatric disorders in south Indian rural population
TS Sathyanarayana Rao1, MS Darshan1, Abhinav Tandon1, Rajesh Raman1, KN Karthik1, N Saraswathi1, Keya Das1, GT Harsha1, V S T Krishna1, NC Ashok2
1 Department of Psychiatry, JSS Medical College, JSS University, Mysore, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, JSS Medical College, JSS University, Mysore, India
Background: Based on review of literature World Health Organization (WHO) Global Burden of Disease Study has estimated that psychiatric disorders are among the most burdensome, around the globe and has suggested general population surveys for future research. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders and study their association with various socioeconomic variables.
Materials and Methods: This was an exploratory study where a door-to-door survey of the entire population residing in a South Indian village was done (n = 3033). Mini international neuropsychiatric interview kid (MINI) or MINI plus were administered to all the subjects according to the age group.
Results: It was found that 24.40% of the subjects were suffering from one or more diagnosable psychiatric disorder. Prevalence of depressive disorders was found to be 14.82% and of anxiety disorders was 4%. Alcohol dependence syndrome was diagnosed in 3.95% of the population. Prevalence of dementia in subjects above 60 years was found to be 10%.
Conclusion: Our study is among the very few epidemiological studies with respect to methodological design which does not use screening questionnaires and evaluates each subject with detailed administration of MINI. It concluded that one among four were suffering from a psychiatric disorder. Improving the training of undergraduate medical and nursing students is likely to play a significant role in addressing the increasing psychiatric morbidities.
Dr. T S Sathyanarayana Rao
Department of Psychiatry, JSS University, JSS Medical College Hospital, M.G. Road, Mysore - 570004
Source of Support: The study was conducted with the grants from Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi vide No. 5/4-4/30/M/2008-NCD-1,, Conflict of Interest: None
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