|Year : 2014 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 330-336
Determinants of symptom profile and severity of conduct disorder in a tertiary level pediatric care set up: A pilot study
R Jayaprakash1, K Rajamohanan2, P Anil3
1 Behavioral Paediatrics Unit, Department of Child Health, SAT Hospital, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
2 Department of Child Health, SAT Hospital, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
Background: Conduct disorders (CDs) are one of the most common causes for referral to child and adolescent mental health centers. CD varies in its environmental factors, symptom profile, severity, co-morbidity, and functional impairment.
Aims: The aim was to analyze the determinants of symptom profile and severity among childhood and adolescent onset CD.
Settings and Design: Clinic based study with 60 consecutive children between 6 and 18 years of age satisfying International Classification of Disease-10 Development Control Rules guidelines for CD, attending behavioral pediatrics unit outpatient.
Materials and Methods: The family psychopathology, symptom severity, and functional level were assessed using parent interview schedule, revised behavioral problem checklist and Children's Global Assessment Scale.
Statistical Analysis: The correlation and predictive power of the variables were analyzed using SPSS 16.0 version.
Results: There was significant male dominance (88.3%) with boy girl ratio 7.5:1. Most common comorbidity noticed was hyperkinetic disorders (45%). Childhood onset group was more predominant (70%). Prevalence of comorbidity was more among early onset group (66.7%) than the late-onset group (33.3%). The family psychopathology, symptom severity, and the functional impairment were significantly higher in the childhood onset group.
Conclusion: The determinants of symptom profile and severity are early onset (childhood onset CD), nature, and quantity of family psychopathology, prevalence, and type of comorbidity and nature of symptom profile itself. The family psychopathology is positively correlated with the symptom severity and negatively correlated with the functional level of the children with CD. The symptom severity was negatively correlated with the functional level of the child with CD.
Associate Professor of Paediatrics and Child Psychiatrist, Unit Chief, Behavioural Paediatrics Unit, Department of Child Health, SAT Hospital, Govt. Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 011, Kerala
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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