|Year : 2015 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 158-161
Antenatal prevalence of fear associated with childbirth and depressed mood in primigravid women
Sanjay Jaju1, Lamya Al Kharusi2, Vaidyanathan Gowri2
1 Department of Research, Ministry of Health, Oman
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman
Aim: To investigate the antenatal prevalence of fear of childbirth and its association with depressed mood in low-risk primigravidae in a referral teaching hospital.
Settings and Design: The study was conducted in a tertiary referral center catering to three districts in the state of Kerala. This was a cross-sectional study with internal comparison of associated factors.
Materials and Methods: Malayalam translation (translation back translation) of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was self-administered by the participants. It was followed by a structured interview based on the International Classification of Diseases 10 (ICD 10) after which the EPDS scale was scored.
Statistical Analysis: Chi-square test was used to compare the presence of fear in women with a EPDS of ≥ 12 and the association of fear and depression.
Results: Fear associated with childbirth was expressed by 17.7% women. The prevalence of depressed mood based on the EPDS (score > 12) was 9.8% but based on the ICD 10 criteria, the prevalence of depression was 8.7%. A significant number of women with depressed mood and clinical depression had fear of childbirth of some sort.
Conclusions: A significant number of primigravid women with depressed mood and clinical depression had fear of childbirth of some sort.
Dr. Vaidyanathan Gowri
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sultan Qaboos University
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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