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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 267-271

Association of single-nucleotide polymorphism of cholecystokinin receptor A gene with schizophrenia in an Eastern Indian population


1 Department of Biochemistry, R. G. Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Biochemistry, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, N R S Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4 Department of Zoology, University of Burdwan, Burdwan, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Anindya Dasgupta
Department of Biochemistry, Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata - 700 014, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.166634

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Context: Cholecystokinin A receptor (CCK-AR) gene polymorphism is being increasingly reported in schizophrenia. It varies among different population groups but is associated with several complications of schizophrenia. Aims: The present study was undertaken to assess whether the CCK-AR polymorphism is stabilized and is more consistently associated with schizophrenia in an Eastern Indian sub-population. Settings and Design: It was carried out as a cross-sectional, observational, hospital-based study on 95 schizophrenia patients and 138 control subjects selected by the method of convenience. Materials and Methods: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms located in the regulatory region of the CCK-AR gene were assessed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) in the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplified product of CCK-AR gene in study subjects. RFLP was done by the digestion of the PCR product by the restriction enzyme Pst-1 followed by gel electrophoresis. Statistical Analysis: Assessment of the stability of C/T polymorphism in the study population was done by applying Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium rule. The significance of difference in the allelic distribution between case and controls was analyzed by Chi-square (χ2) test and odds ratio (OR) analysis. Result: CCK-R polymorphism was in Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium in both groups. Distribution of the C allele of this gene was significantly higher in schizophrenia patients (χ2 = 4.35, OR = 1.51; confidence interval at 95% =1.04–2.20). Conclusion: C/T polymorphism of the CCK-R gene is a stable polymorphism in our study population. Moreover, the C allele is significantly more abundant in schizophrenia patients imparting them a greater risk of development of complications like auditory hallucination.



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