Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 383-385

Isolated sleep paralysis and hypnic hallucinations in schizophrenia

Department of Psychiatry, Regional Mental Health Care, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Prakash Gangdev
232, Oxford Street West, London, ON N6H 1S7
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.171834

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Background: Usually remembered in the context of Narcolepsy-Cataplexy syndrome, isolated sleep paralysis (SP) and hypnic hallucination are widely prevalent and because of the overlap of symptoms with schizophrenia, their identification is important but unrecognized. Aims: To determine the presence of SP and hypnic hallucinations (HH) in people with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder Study Design: Cross-sectional survey. Methods: Participants were patients receiving follow-up care for schizophrenia from Assertive Community Treatment Team. A screening questionnaire was administered during their routine follow-up visits. Results: Of 71 respondents (49 males, 22 females) only 11 (10 males and 1 female), that is, 15% reported SP, and 12 (7 males and 5 females), that is, 16.9% reported HH, a considerably low prevalence. Conclusion: It is difficult to study the presence of SP and HH in patients with active or residual symptoms of schizophrenia, and more refined studies and appropriate questionnaires are required. The possibility of SP and HH confounding or being misdiagnosed as psychotic symptoms needs to be borne in mind.



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