Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 103-108

Assessing the extent of utilization of biopsychosocial model in doctor–patient interaction in public sector hospitals of a developing country

1 Department of Surgery, Rawalpindi Medical College, Rawalpindi Medical College, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
2 Department of Surgery, Benazir Bhutto Hospital, Rawalpindi Medical College, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nadir Mehmood
House No. 600, Street No. 99, I-10/4, Islamabad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_153_17

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Background: Biopsychosocial (BPS) model has been a mainstay in the ideal practice of modern medicine. It is attributed to improve patient care, compliance, and satisfaction and to reduce doctor–patient conflict. The study aimed to understand the importance given to BPS model while conducting routine doctor–patient interactions in public sector hospitals of a developing country where health resources are limited. The study was conducted in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Materials and Methods: The study design is qualitative. Structured interviews were conducted from 44 patients from surgical and medical units of Benazir Bhutto Hospital and Holy Family Hospital. The questions were formulated based on patient-centered interviewing methods by reviewing the literature on BPS model. The analysis was done thematically using the software NVivo 11 for qualitative data. Results: The study revealed four emerging themes: (1) Lack of doctor–patient rapport. (2) Utilization of a paternalistic approach during treatment. (3) Utilization of a reductionist biomedical approach during treatment. (4) Patients' concern with their improvement in health and doctor's demeanor. Conclusion: The study highlights the fact that BPS is not given considerable importance while taking routine medical history. This process remains doctor centered and paternalistic. However, patients are more concerned with their improvement in health rather than whether or not they are being provided informational care. Sequential studies will have to be conducted to determine whether this significantly affects patient care and compliance and whether BPS is a workable model in the healthcare system in the third world.



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