Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
Home | About us | Current Issue | Archives | Ahead of Print | Submission | Instructions | Subscribe | Advertise | Contact | Login 
    Users online: 338 Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Print this article Email this article Bookmark this page
Search Again
 Back
 Table of Contents
 
 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Article Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert
 Add to My List
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed228    
    Printed11    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded92    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal

 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 60  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 384-392

The role of online social networking on deliberate self-harm and suicidality in adolescents: A systematized review of literature


1 Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA
2 Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA
3 Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, UTHealth McGovern School of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA
4 Department of Psychiatry, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center at Permian Basin, Odessa, Texas, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Aksha M Memon
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia
USA
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_414_17

Rights and Permissions

Social media use by minors has significantly increased and has been linked to depression and suicidality. Simultaneously, age-adjusted suicide rates have steadily increased over the past decade in the United States with suicide being the second most common cause of death in youth. Hence, the increase in suicide rate parallels the simultaneous increase in social media use. In addition, the rate of nonsuicidal self-injury ranges between 14% and 21% among young people. Evidence suggests that self-harming youth is more active on online social networks than youth who do not engage in self-harm behavior. The role of online social networking on deliberates self-harm and suicidality in adolescents with a focus on negative influence was assessed by conducting a systematized literature review. A literature search on “PubMed” and “Ovid Medline” using a combination of MeSH terms yielded nine articles for data extraction satisfying predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria. It was found that social networking websites are utilized by suicidal and self-harming youth as a medium to communicate with and to seek social support from other users. Online social networking also leads to increased exposure to and engagement in self-harm behavior due to users receiving negative messages promoting self-harm, emulating self-injurious behavior of others, and adopting self-harm practices from shared videos. Greater time spent on social networking websites led to higher psychological distress, an unmet need for mental health support, poor self-rated mental health, and increased suicidal ideation. In conclusion, greater time spent on online social networking promotes self-harm behavior and suicidal ideation in vulnerable adolescents.



[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*

        

Print this article         Email this article