|BRIEF RESEARCH COMMUNICATION
|Year : 2019 | Volume
| Issue : 5 | Page : 526-528
Prevalence and determinants of posttraumatic stress in adolescents following an earthquake
Marthoenis Marthoenis1, Andri Nirwana2, Liza Fathiariani3
1 Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
2 Department of Islamic Studies, Universitas Serambi Mekkah, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
3 Department of Adul Mental Health, Aceh Psychiatric Hospital, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
Context: The 2016 Aceh earthquake causes a significant mental health impact in adolescents. However, the prevalence and determinants have never been reported.
Aims: The study aimed to estimate the prevalence rate and determinants of posttraumatic stress symptoms in adolescents following an earthquake.
Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Pidie Jaya district approximately 6 months following the earthquake.
Materials and Methods: The Trauma Screening Questionnaire (TSQ) was distributed to adolescents living around the earthquake-affected area.
Statistical Analysis: The Chi-square test and binomial logistic regression were performed using GNU PSPP statistical software.
Results: The prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was 47%, and the mean score of TSQ was 5.11 (standard deviation = 2.3). The presence of PTSD was associated with gender and age (P = 0.001). Logistic regression analysis confirmed that gender, being injured, witnessing someone injured, feeling stressed after the earthquake, and feeling scared of staying inside a building following the earthquake were independently and significantly associated with PTSD (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: The prevalence of PTSD at 6 months following an earthquake is relatively high, and many factors are associated with the presence of PTSD.
Dr. Marthoenis Marthoenis
Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health Nursing, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Jl Tgk Tanoh Abee, Darussalam, Banda Aceh 23111
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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