|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 137-144
Impact of brief psychosocial intervention on key relatives of patients with schizophrenia: A randomized controlled trial
Rajneesh Kumar1, Anil Nischal2, Pronob Kumar Dalal2, Sannidhya Varma3, Manu Agarwal2, Adarsh Tripathi2, Sujita Kumar Kar2, Bandna Gupta2
1 Department of Psychiatry, Indira Gandhi ESIC Hospital, Delhi, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Consultant Psychiatrist, Helios Psychiatry Clinic, Sector 33-D, Chandigarh, India
Background: Caregivers of patients with schizophrenia often experience high burden of care and have deterioration in the quality of their life. This study attempted to assess the efficacy of a brief psychosocial intervention (BPI) on the burden of care and quality of life (QOL) of key relatives of patients with schizophrenia and its subsequent effect on QOL of their patients (if any).
Methods: A total of 66 patients and their key relatives were included in the study. Patients were assessed for psychopathology (by applying Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale and World Health Organization QOL scale [WHOQOL-BREF]) and relatives were assessed on Burden Assessment Schedule and WHOQOL scale (WHOQOL-100). Thirty-three patients and their key relatives were randomly allocated to BPI group and nonspecific control intervention group.
Results: There was a statistically significant reduction in burden of care (P = 0.004) and improvement in QOL of relatives (P = 0.024) as well as in QOL scores of patients (P = 0.0028) in the BPI group.
Conclusion: BPI is associated with a significant improvement in QOL as well as burden of care of key relatives of patients with schizophrenia, which, in turn, results in improvement in QOL of their patients.
Dr. Sujita Kumar Kar
Department of Psychiatry, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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