Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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LETTERS TO EDITOR  
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 218-219
Art therapy based on painting therapy on the improvement of autistic children's social interactions in Iran


Department of Public Health, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur, Iran

Click here for correspondence address and email

Date of Submission25-May-2018
Date of Decision16-Oct-2018
Date of Acceptance24-Dec-2019
Date of Web Publication17-Mar-2020
 

How to cite this article:
Jalambadani Z. Art therapy based on painting therapy on the improvement of autistic children's social interactions in Iran. Indian J Psychiatry 2020;62:218-9

How to cite this URL:
Jalambadani Z. Art therapy based on painting therapy on the improvement of autistic children's social interactions in Iran. Indian J Psychiatry [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Apr 4];62:218-9. Available from: http://www.indianjpsychiatry.org/text.asp?2020/62/2/218/280850




Sir,

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterized by social interaction difficulties, communication challenges, and a tendency to engage in repetitive behaviors. However, symptoms and their severity vary widely across these three core areas. Taken together, they may result in relatively mild challenges for someone on the high functioning end of the autism spectrum. For others, symptoms may be more severe, as when repetitive behaviors and lack of spoken language interfere with everyday life.[1] About one in 68 children has been identified with an ASD. Boys are at higher risk for autism, with nearly one in 42 boys receiving an ASD diagnosis, compared to one in 189 girls.[2] Funding for the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring network sites participating in the 2014 surveillance year was awarded for a 4-year cycle covering 2015–2018, during which time data were collected for children aged 8 years during 2014 and 2016.[3] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the simultaneous intervention of the child and the mother on the basis of painting techniques on the improvement of autistic children's social interactions in Iran. The statistical population of this study consisted of children with autism between the ages of 6 and 12 years living in Tehran, Iran, during the 2017–2018 educational year. A total of 40 children qualified for the study were selected using convenient sampling procedure and were assigned to control and experimental groups. The participants of this study were selected based on some criteria. Participants in both groups had no experience in participating in painting therapy interventions. To ensure that participants had intelligence quotient (IQ) between 50 and 70, IQ test was administered.

The Stanford–Binet (SB) Intelligence Scale was used for IQ test. Fifth Edition (SB5) is based in the schooling process to assess intelligence.

The findings showed that the experimental group did have a significant difference in the symptoms of social interactions, whereas the control group showed no significant difference.

  1. After 12 sessions of painting therapy, the subjects showed more adaptive behaviors and emotions
  2. The subjects tended to share their feelings. The social interactions also did have obvious improvement.


Based on the results of this study, the effectiveness of the simultaneous intervention of the child and the mother by the painting technique was confirmed by increasing the social interactions of children with autism. Meanwhile, many children with autism have an extraordinary ability to think visually “in pictures.” Many can turn that ability to good use in processing memories, recording images and visual information, and expressing ideas through drawing or other artistic media. Painting therapy is a form of expression that requires little or no verbal interaction that can open doors to communication. Painting therapy offers an opportunity for therapists to work one-on-one with individuals on the autism spectrum to build a wide range of skills in a manner which may be more comfortable (and thus more effective) than spoken language.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
   References Top

1.
Strang JF, Meagher H, Kenworthy L, de Vries AL, Menvielle E, Leibowitz S, et al. Initial Clinical Guidelines for Co-Occurring Autism Spectrum Disorder and Gender Dysphoria or Incongruence in Adolescents. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2018;47:105-15.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Mustafa SJ, Hattatoglu P, Amir S. Retrospective study comparing the effects of memantine (NAMENDA) and Aripiprazole (ABILIFY) in the treatment of irritability in autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) patients. J Psychiatry Clin Psychol 2014;1:1-4.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
American Psychiatric Publication. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®). 2013;17:133-7.  Back to cited text no. 3
    

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Correspondence Address:
Zeinab Jalambadani
Department of Public Health, Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences, Neyshabur
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_215_18

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