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Psychological impact of COVID-19 lockdown: An online survey from India
Sandeep Grover1, Swapnajeet Sahoo1, Aseem Mehra1, Ajit Avasthi2, Adarsh Tripathi3, Alka Subramanyan4, Amrit Pattojoshi5, G Prasad Rao6, Gautam Saha7, KK Mishra8, Kaustav Chakraborty9, Naren P Rao10, Mrugesh Vaishnav11, Om Prakash Singh12, PK Dalal3, Rakesh K Chadda13, Ravi Gupta14, Shiv Gautam15, Siddharth Sarkar13, TS Sathyanarayana Rao16, Vinay Kumar17, YC Janardran Reddy10
1 Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Fortis Hospital, Mohali, Punjab, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, King Georgefs Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 Department of Psychiatry, TNMC and BYL Nair Ch. Hospital, Mumbai, India
5 Department of Psychiatry, Hi.Tech Medical College, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
6 Asha Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
7 Clinic Brain Neuropsychiatric Institute and Research Center, Barasat, India
8 Department of Psychiatry, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
9 Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine and J.N.M Hospital, WBUHS, Kalyani, West Bengal, India
10 Department of Psychiatry, NIMHANS, Bengaluru, India
11 Samvedana Group of Hospital and Research Centre, Ahmadabad, Gujarat, India
12 Department of Psychiatry, NRS Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
13 Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
14 Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India
15 Gautam hospital and Research Center, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
16 Department of Psychiatry, JSS Medical College and Hospital, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Karnataka, India
17 Manoved Mind Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a complete shut-down of the entire world and almost all the countries are presently in a “lockdown” mode. While the lockdown strategy is an essential step to curb the exponential rise of COVID-19 cases, the impact of the same on mental health is not well known.
Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the psychological impact of lockdown due to COVID-19 pandemic on the general public with an objective to assess the prevalence of depression, anxiety, perceived stress, well-being, and other psychological issues.
Materials and Methods: It was an online survey conducted under the aegis of the Indian Psychiatry Society. Using the Survey Monkey platform, a survey link was circulated using the Whatsapp. The survey questionnaire included perceived stress scale, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale to assess perceived stress, anxiety, depression, and mental well-being, respectively. The survey link was circulated starting from April 6, 2020 and was closed on April 24, 2020.
Results: During the survey, a total of 1871 responses were collected, of which 1685 (90.05%) responses were analyzed. About two-fifth (38.2%) had anxiety and 10.5% of the participants had depression. Overall, 40.5% of the participants had either anxiety or depression. Moderate level of stress was reported by about three-fourth (74.1%) of the participants and 71.7% reported poor well-being.
Conclusions: The present survey suggests that more than two-fifths of the people are experiencing common mental disorders, due to lockdown and the prevailing COVID-19 pandemic. This finding suggests that there is a need for expanding mental health services to everyone in the society during this pandemic situation.
Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None