Year : 1998  |  Volume : 40  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 289--294

Comorbidity in Children with Mental Retardation


Christoday R. J Khess1, Indrani Dutta2, Indrani Chakrabarty2, Piyali Bhattacharya2, Jnanamay Das3, Sonia Kothari3 
1 Associate Professor (Psychiatry), Central Institute of Psychiatry, Kanke, Ranchi - 834006, India
2 Clinical Psychologist, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Kanke, Ranchi - 834006, India
3 Resident (Psychiatry), Central Institute of Psychiatry, Kanke, Ranchi - 834006, India

Correspondence Address:
Christoday R. J Khess
Associate Professor (Psychiatry), Central Institute of Psychiatry, Kanke, Ranchi - 834006
India

This study was conducted in the child psychiatry unit of a tertiary psychiatric hospital. 60 patients diagnosed to have mental retardation according to ICD-10 (WHO, 1992) criteria constituted the study sample. A psychiatric disorder was present in 56.17% of the cases, and a medical disease was present in 35.0%. Only 13.3% cases had both a psychiatric as well as medical illness. Patients with a psychiatric illness were found to have a lesser degree of retardation. The commonest psychiatric disorder observed was behavioural and emotional disorders, while the commonest medical illness found was epilepsy. Patients with a medical illness were found to have a negative family history for a mental illness, and were much younger at the first consultation compared to the patients with a psychiatric illness. The above findings have been discussed, with emphasis on issues like dual diagnosis and diagnostic overshadowing.


How to cite this article:
Khess CR, Dutta I, Chakrabarty I, Bhattacharya P, Das J, Kothari S. Comorbidity in Children with Mental Retardation.Indian J Psychiatry 1998;40:289-294


How to cite this URL:
Khess CR, Dutta I, Chakrabarty I, Bhattacharya P, Das J, Kothari S. Comorbidity in Children with Mental Retardation. Indian J Psychiatry [serial online] 1998 [cited 2020 Feb 19 ];40:289-294
Available from: http://www.indianjpsychiatry.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5545;year=1998;volume=40;issue=3;spage=289;epage=294;aulast=Khess;type=0