Year : 2019  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 572--577

Factor structure and validity of Type D personality scale among Indian (Tamil-speaking) patients with acute myocardial infarction


Vikas Menon1, Anoop G Pillai1, Santhosh Satheesh2, Charanya Kaliamoorthy1, Siddharth Sarkar3 
1 Department of Psychiatry, JIPMER, Puducherry, India
2 Department of Cardiology, JIPMER, Puducherry, India
3 Department of Psychiatry and National Drug Dependence Treatment Center (NDDTC), AIIMS, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vikas Menon
Department of Psychiatry, JIPMER, Puducherry
India

Background: Type D personality has been linked to negative outcomes following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Our objective was to determine the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Type D personality construct among people with AMI in the Indian clinical setting. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study conducted between August 2016 and July 2017, 200 consecutive patients with AMI admitted to a tertiary care center completed the Tamil version of the Type D scale-14 (DS-14). The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Short Form (EPQR-S) was also administered to check the convergent/divergent validity. Results: The prevalence of Type D personality was 24%. Results of the principal components analysis revealed a four-factor solution for the Tamil version of the DS-14 which explained more than 75% of the variability. Strong convergent validity with the neuroticism subscale of EPQR-S (r = 0.84, P < 0.001) and divergent validity with the extraversion subscale (r = −0.75, P < 0.001) was noted. The two subscales of the Type D scale, negative affectivity and social inhibition (SI), demonstrated good reliability (Cronbach's alpha of 0.85 and 0.76, respectively). Dropping item no 14 from the DS-14 led to significant increase in internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha 0.81) for the SI subconstruct. Conclusion: Among an Indian Tamil-speaking clinical sample of patients with AMI, Type D is a valid construct and can be assessed using the regional version of the DS-14 which showed a four-factor structure and good psychometric properties. Item no. 14 of the DS-14 scale may need modification for the Indian setting.


How to cite this article:
Menon V, Pillai AG, Satheesh S, Kaliamoorthy C, Sarkar S. Factor structure and validity of Type D personality scale among Indian (Tamil-speaking) patients with acute myocardial infarction.Indian J Psychiatry 2019;61:572-577


How to cite this URL:
Menon V, Pillai AG, Satheesh S, Kaliamoorthy C, Sarkar S. Factor structure and validity of Type D personality scale among Indian (Tamil-speaking) patients with acute myocardial infarction. Indian J Psychiatry [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Nov 15 ];61:572-577
Available from: http://www.indianjpsychiatry.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5545;year=2019;volume=61;issue=6;spage=572;epage=577;aulast=Menon;type=0