Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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   1994| July-September  | Volume 36 | Issue 3  
    Online since February 20, 2009

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Cannabis Related Psychiatric Syndromes : A Selective Review
Debasish Basu, Anil Malhotra, Vijoy K Varma
July-September 1994, 36(3):121-128
Association between cannabis use and various psychiatric syndromes does exist, but their nature remains elusive. Cannabis intoxication, 'cannabis psychosis' and certain other conditions related with cannabis use like flashbacks and prolonged depersonalization are discussed in this paper. The controversial nature of the cannabis - schizophrenia link is noted, and various methodological issues in clinical cannabis research are highlighted.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  754 214 -
Codeine Containing Cough Syrup Addiction in Assam and Nagaland
Niteen S Wairagkar, J Das, S Kumar, J Mahanta, K Satyanarayana, RK Phukan, M Chetia, SK Goswami
July-September 1994, 36(3):129-132
The drug abuse monitoring study of Regional Medical Research Center, Dibrugarh, reported 181 and 395 addicts from the states of Assam and Nagaland respectively in one year. Of these, 48 (26.5%) and 49(12.4%) cases were contributed by the primary abuse of codeine containing cough syrups. A11 addicts were males in their early twenties. Most of the addicts were unmarried and educated up to matriculation. The majority of addicts in Assam were Hindus (85.4%) and in Nagaland Christians (81.63%). Unemployment was predominant in both the groups. The mean age for the first use of codeine cough syrup was 17.44 years (Assam) and 15.77 years (Nagaland). Nagaland had more chronic abusers. Addicts were used the oral route several times a day and friends were the main source of introduction. Mild forms of physical and psychiatric disorders were reported Easy over-the-counter availability, lesser expenditure, milder withdrawals and ease of consumption without secrecy were some of the reasons for the emergence of this new form of addiction in Assam and Nagaland.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  769 191 -
Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism in Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders
Roy J Mathew
July-September 1994, 36(3):103-120
Anxiety disorders are some of the commonest psychiatric disorders and anxiety commonly co-exists with other psychiatric conditions. Anxiety can also be a normal emotion. Thus, study of the neurobiological effects of anxiety is of considerable significance. In the normal brain, cerebral blood flow (CBF) and metabolism (CMR) serve as indices of brain function. CBF/CMR research is expected to provide new insight into alterations in brain function in anxiety disorders and other psychiatric disorders. Possible associations between stress I anxiety I panic and cerebral ischemia I stroke give additional significance to the effects of anxiety on CBF. With the advent of non-invasive techniques, study of CBF/CMR in anxiety disorders became easier. A large numbers of research reports are available on the effects of stress, anxiety and panic on CBF/CMR in normals and anxiety disorder patients. This article reviews the available human research on this topic.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  700 103 -
A Study of Comorbidity in Psychoactive Substance Dependence Patients
Pankaj Kisore, Narottam Lal, JK Trivedi, PK Dalal, Vimal M Aga
July-September 1994, 36(3):133-137
The study assessed the lifetime prevalence of comorbidity in forty three DSM III-R opioid and alcohol dependent patients. A total lifetime prevalence rate of 60.5% was found. The results are discussed axis wise and compared with previous relevant studies. There was no significant difference in comorbidity between the opioid and alcohol Dependent groups. Comorbidity on both Axis I and II were high, but there was no significant difference in the presence of Axis I disorders between patients with and without personality disorders. The paper also reports upon the temporal relationships amongst the co-occurring psychiatric disorders.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  657 145 -
Psychoactive Substance Use Among Medical Students
RV Zulfikar Ali, GK Vankar
July-September 1994, 36(3):138-140
Using a standard epidemiological survey instrument for psychoactive drug use, 215 medical students in three classes were studied. One third of all students reported non-medical drug use. The substances ever used were: betel nut 13%, smokeless tobacco 3%, cigarettes 12%, alcohol 12.5%, cannabis 0.9% and benzodiazepines 3.7%. Last month use was reported for four substances and daily use was reported for cigarettes only (3.2%). Cigarette and benzodiazepine use mostly began after entry to medical college. Men and final year students had a higher prevalence of drug use.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  470 120 -
Psychiatric Morbidity in College Students and Illiterate Youths
KN Rao, Shamshad Begum
July-September 1994, 36(3):141-144
The profile of psychiatric morbidity in university students in a general hospital psychiatric clinic was studied and compared with age matched illiterate youths. Students represented 5.1% of the clinic population and illiterate youths represented 3.1%. The majority of ill students were males, unmarried and from a rural area. In both groups 75% of cases sought medical help on their own, but 42% of students solicited psychiatric help directly, in contrast to 11% of illiterate youths. Students reported relatively high role specific stress factors. In contrast to results of student surveys and university health centers, we found an equal representation of psychoses and non-psychoses, a lower representation of problems of under achievement and no representation of alcohol or drug abuse.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  478 90 -
Physical Harbingers of Relapse in Schizophrenia
TN Srinivasan, TR Suresh, Vasantha Jayaraman, Peter M Fernandez
July-September 1994, 36(3):147-148
This is a case report of a patient with schizophrenic disorder, followed up prospectively over a period of six years through four episodes of illness. Her experience of a focal physical symptom as a consistent prodromal feature of each relapse forms the focus of the report as such a clinical phenomenon has not been recorded before. The possible reason for such presentation and the value of identifying the prodromal symptoms in the control of relapse are discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  481 58 -
Transient Release Reflexes in Catonic Schizophrenia
Saji S Damodaran, Vinod K Sinha
July-September 1994, 36(3):145-146
This case report describes the presence of grasp reflex and palmomental reflex as a state dependant phenomenon in a 23 year old patient with catatonic schizophrenia. A transitory disturbance of frontal lobe function is proposed as the probable mechanism. The need to study the release reflexes as an effort to delineate a neurological "sub group" of schizophrenia is suggested.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  470 48 -
Where Do We Go from Here?
K Kuruvilla
July-September 1994, 36(3):101-102
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  292 41 -
News & Notes
Chittaranjan Andrade
July-September 1994, 36(3):149-149
Full text not available  [PDF]
  271 40 -
Index - Subject & Author

July-September 1994, 36(3):199-204
Full text not available  [PDF]
  137 25 -

July-September 1994, 36(3):150-150
Full text not available  [PDF]
  140 21 -