Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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   2014| April-June  | Volume 56 | Issue 2  
    Online since April 11, 2014

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Addiction to lizard: A rare case report
Mehak Garg, Balwant S Sidhu, Rajnish Raj
April-June 2014, 56(2):206-206
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130514  PMID:24891717
  7,805 232 1
Extrapyramidal side effects with low doses of amisulpride
Nikhiles Mandal, Om P Singh, Subrata Sen
April-June 2014, 56(2):197-199
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130510  PMID:24891713
Amisulpride, the newly introduced antipsychotic in India, is claimed to be effective in both positive and negative symptom schizophrenia and related disorders, though it has little or no action on serotonergic receptors. Limbic selectivity and lower striatal dopaminergic receptor binding capacity causes very low incidence of EPS. But, in clinical practice, we are getting EPS with this drug even at lower doses. We have reported three cases of akathisia, acute dystonia, and drug-induced Parkinsonism with low doses of amisulpride. So, we should keep this side effect in mind when using amisulpride. In fact, more studies are required in our country to find out the incidence of EPS and other associated mechanism.
  7,107 208 1
The clinical profile of mentally retarded children in India and prevalence of depression in mothers of the mentally retarded
Amit Nagarkar, Jagdish Prashad Sharma, SK Tandon, Pritesh Goutam
April-June 2014, 56(2):165-170
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130500  PMID:24891705
Background: Mental retardation (MR) has a varied phenomenology in different parts of the world. While studying MR, psychological issues of caretakers are equally relevant. A study to investigate the phenomenology of MR in Indian children and the prevalence of depression in their mothers was planned in a teaching institute in Madhya Pradesh with an attached tertiary care hospital. Objectives: The objective of the following study is to study the clinical profile of mentally retarded children in the study sample, prevalence of depression in the mothers and investigate various factors affecting it. Study Design: A cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 patients diagnosed as MR were included in the study. Objective data was collected in a special proforma and mothers of these individuals were subjected to evaluation with Beck's Anxiety Inventory and the 17 item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression. Results: The mean age of patients in the sample was 11.6 years, had received an average of 2.42 years of schooling, mean age at diagnosis of MR was 6.5 years and their mean IQ was 53. Out of the total 60 patients, 88% of the patients had significant co-morbidities. The prevalence of depression in mothers was 85% and it was more in mothers of, the ones with significant co-morbidities (OR = 2.67), severer forms of retardation and with higher levels of anxiety in the mother. Conclusions: Prevalence of depression in mothers of mentally retarded children in India seems to be much greater than those reported from studies around the world. Medical services offered to the mentally retarded should move from an individual level to the family level, especially toward the mothers, who are the main caretakers. Counseling services, treatment if required and regular screening of mothers of the mentally retarded should be included in the protocol for management of mental retardation.
  6,162 621 -
Psychiatry and music
Shamsul Haque Nizamie, Sai Krishna Tikka
April-June 2014, 56(2):128-140
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130482  PMID:24891698
Vocal and/or instrumental sounds combined in such a way as to produce beauty of form, harmony and expression of emotion is music. Brain, mind and music are remarkably related to each other and music has got a strong impact on psychiatry. With the advent of music therapy, as an efficient form of alternative therapy in treating major psychiatric conditions, this impact has been further strengthened. In this review, we deliberate upon the historical aspects of the relationship between psychiatry and music, neural processing underlying music, music's relation to classical psychology and psychopathology and scientific evidence base for music therapy in major psychiatric disorders. We highlight the role of Indian forms of music and Indian contribution to music therapy.
  5,017 599 -
Mistaken gender identity in non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Prerna Kukreti, Manish Kandpal, RC Jiloha
April-June 2014, 56(2):182-184
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130504  PMID:24891708
Gender identity is the sense of belonging that one feels for a particular sex psychologically and socially, independent of one's biological sex. There is much less systematic data on gender identity in females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). We report a case of non-classical CAH presenting as a case of gender identity disorder.
  4,975 190 -
Intellectual disability in India: Charity to right based
BS Chavan, Abhijit S Rozatkar
April-June 2014, 56(2):113-116
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130477  PMID:24891695
  3,213 533 1
Psychiatric morbidity among prisoners
Anithakumari Ayirolimeethal, G Ragesh, Jayanthi M Ramanujam, Biju George
April-June 2014, 56(2):150-153
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130495  PMID:24891702
Background: There is a considerable lack of scientific estimate of psychiatric morbidity among Indian prisoners. Objective: The objective of the following study is to study the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among prisoners. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study at District Jail, Kozhikode, Kerala. Materials and Methods: A total of 255 prisoners who were inmates during the period from mid-April to mid-July 2011 participated in the study. The study subjects included both male and female remand or convict prisoners. Socio-demographic data, clinical history and criminological history were collected from each individual. Psychiatric morbidity was assessed using MINI-Plus. Statistical Analysis: Done by using SPSS version 16 (SPSS Inc, Chicago, USA). Results: A total of 175 subjects (68.6%) had a current mental illness. Substance use disorder was the most common diagnosis (47.1%). Antisocial personality disorder was diagnosed in 19.2%, adjustment disorder in 13.7%, mood disorder in 4.3% and psychosis in another 6.3% of prisoners. A high rate of a current psychiatric disorder was seen in male (69.7%) prisoners. A significant association was noticed for the different nature of crimes with psychiatric diagnoses and previous imprisonment. Nearly 4% of prisoners reported a moderate to high suicide risk. Conclusion: Mental health problems among prisoners were quite high. Mentally ill prisoners are at high risk for repeated incarceration. The increased rate of psychiatric disorders should be a concern for mental health professionals and the policy makers.
  3,171 393 -
Position statement and guideline on media coverage of suicide
Smitha Ramadas, Praveenlal Kuttichira, CJ John, Mohan Isaac, Roy Abraham Kallivayalil, Indira Sharma, TV Asokan, Asim Mallick, NN Mallick, Chittaranjan Andrade
April-June 2014, 56(2):107-110
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130473  PMID:24891693
  2,757 511 -
Treatment of the mentally ill in the Chola Empire in 11 th -12 th centuries AD: A study of epigraphs
D Vijaya Raghavan, AG Tejus Murthy, O Somasundaram
April-June 2014, 56(2):202-204
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130512  PMID:24891715
The paper deals with the epigraphs of the Chola emperors Veera Rajendra Deva (1063-1069 AD) and Raja Raja III (1216-1256 AD), found at the temples of Thirumukkudal and Vedaranyam, with emphasis on the treatment given to the residents of the attached hospitals with special reference to treatment of mental disorders.
  3,000 199 -
A study of mental health status of men who have sex with men in Ahmedabad city
Arpit C Prajapati, Sonal Parikh, DV Bala
April-June 2014, 56(2):161-164
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130498  PMID:24891704
Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM), a unique group of people, feel, and believe they will face hardships in society once their identity is disclosed, but this does not deter them from dressing and behaving like the opposite sex in public life or fighting for their rights. Objectives: To study the mental health status of MSM and their determinants. Materials and Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 410 MSM in the drop in centers of non-governmental organization working for MSM in Ahmedabad city through purposive sampling. Results : Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity was 52.9%. The mean score obtained in anxiety/insomnia subscale (5.4 ± 4.2) and severe depression (5.4 ± 4.6) was higher than other two subscale somatic symptoms (4.0 ± 3.2) and social dysfunction symptoms (4.6 ± 3.8). Among General Health Questionnaire 28 questions, more MSM had a "more than usual feeling" that they are "getting difficulty in staying asleep once you are off," "lost much sleep over worry," "been getting edgy and bad tempered," "felt constantly under strain," "been feeling nervous and strung-up all time." Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity is more in never married MSM and also in less educated MSM. MSM with sexually transmitted infection (STI) symptoms suffer from psychiatric illness more than MSM who didn't have STI symptoms. Conclusion: Various determinants like partner characteristic, presence of STI symptoms, marital status, and living arrangement affect the mental health of MSM.
  2,565 262 -
Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among urban elderlies: Lucknow elderly study
SC Tiwari, Rakesh Kumar Tripathi, Aditya Kumar, AM Kar, Ragini Singh, VK Kohli, GG Agarwal
April-June 2014, 56(2):154-160
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130496  PMID:24891703
Background: Paucity of systematic studies in elderly mental health in an aging population is an urgent need, which is required to address services and planning issues for health. Aim: The present study aims to investigate the distribution of physical, neuropsychiatric, and cognitive disorders of a community sample of elderlies with certain socioeconomic data. Materials and Methods: A door-to-door household survey was conducted to identify houses with elderlies (≥55 years) in two urban localities of Lucknow. Mini mental state examination (MMSE), Survey Psychiatric Assessment Schedule (SPAS)/Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) and physical and neurological examination were used for screening all consenting elderlies. MMSE positive participants were assessed on Cambridge Mental Disorders of the Elderly Examination-Revised for diagnosis of cognitive disorders; SPAS/MDQ positives were assessed on Schedule for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry based clinical interview for diagnosis of neuropsychiatric disorders other than cognitive disorders (using ICD-10 criteria). Routine and indicated laboratory/radiological investigations on all and on MMSE/SPAS (organic section) positive/physically ill participants respectively were done to confirm organic and/or physical illness. Only percentages were calculated to find the distribution of morbidity. Results: The sample had proportionate age structure as that of the surveyed population and had balanced gender representation in each age deciles. Prevalence of neuropsychiatric disorders (with/without comorbidities) was 11.8% in the elderlies (60 years and above) highest being in the 60-69 years age group. Being women and of lower socioeconomic status was more commonly associated with a neuropsychiatric diagnosis. 7.6% of the elderlies had cognitive impairment. Overall findings suggest a prevalence rate of 17.34% of total psychiatric morbidity among elderlies. A significant number had comorbid physical illness diagnoses. Conclusion: More than half the elderlies had some diagnosable physical or mental ailment. The study familiarizes us to the significant amount of physical and psychiatric comorbidity in the particular age group. About one-fifth was found to suffer from psychiatric morbidity, which any health services for the elderly should be oriented towards.
  2,251 378 -
A rare case of fish odor syndrome presenting as depression
Shahbaz Ali Khan, K Shagufta
April-June 2014, 56(2):185-187
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130505  PMID:24891709
A young lady presents to the psychiatry out-patient department with depressive symptoms. Evaluation revealed long standing stressor in the form of a foul odor emanating from her body and over a period of time resulting in social withdrawal and depression with significant impairment of day-to-day functioning. A diagnosis of trimethylaminurea (fish odor syndrome) and adjustment disorder was arrived at. Careful empathetic handling with psychoeducation, behavioral and cognitive counseling and a short course of antidepressants helped her improve significantly with return to almost normal functioning.
  2,491 137 -
Gambling addiction in India: Should psychiatrists care?
Sanju George, Roy Abraham Kallivayalil, TS Jaisoorya
April-June 2014, 56(2):111-112
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130475  PMID:24891694
  2,228 258 -
Delirium: Predictors of delay in referral to consultation liaison psychiatry services
Sandeep Grover, Natasha Kate, Surendra Kumar Mattoo, Subho Chakrabarti, Savita Malhotra, Ajit Avasthi, Parmanand Kulhara, Debasish Basu
April-June 2014, 56(2):171-175
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130501  PMID:24891706
Objective: To evaluate the predictors of delay in psychiatry referral for patients with delirium. Materials and Methods: The consultation liaison psychiatry registry and case notes of 461 patients referred to psychiatry consultation liaison services and diagnosed as having delirium were reviewed. Data pertaining to sociodemographic variables, clinical variables, Delirium Rating Scale-Revised 98 version, etiologies associated with delirium were extracted. Results: Older age, presence of and higher severity of sleep disturbance, presence of and higher severity of motor retardation, presence of visuospatial disturbances, presence of fluctuation of symptoms, being admitted to medical ward/medical intensive care units, and absence of comorbid axis-1 psychiatry diagnoses were associated with longer duration of psychiatric referral after the onset of delirium. Of these only four variables (presence of sleep disturbance, presence of motor retardation, being admitted to medical ward intensive care units and absence of comorbid axis-1 psychiatry diagnoses) were associated with longer duration of psychiatric referral in the regression analysis. Conclusion: The variables associated with delay in psychiatry referral for delirium suggest that there is a need to improve the understanding of the physicians and surgeons about the signs and symptoms, risk factors, and prognostic factors of delirium.
  1,836 378 -
Forensic psychiatry in India: The road ahead
TV Asokan
April-June 2014, 56(2):121-127
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130479  PMID:24891697
  1,714 437 -
Impact evaluation of the community mental health program at Habra
Kamlesh Kumar Sahu
April-June 2014, 56(2):143-149
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130487  PMID:24891701
Background: It is a well-known fact that there is a huge gap between mental health service availability and needs of people in the community. Community Mental Health Program (CMHP) appears as a solution for it. Paripurnata (a non-governmental organization) has been running a CMHP at Habra, West Bengal, India since 2000. Since 2005 a psychiatric out-patient department is functioning and community work is focused on capacity building of different stakeholders. Several awareness camps, community preparedness workshops have been organized. However, the work is yet to be consolidated with initiatives from the community. It has to be facilitated more with an objective analysis of the situation. The need of the hour is to assess the previous work. So an evaluation study was planned. Aims: The primary aim of the following study is to assess the impact of the CMHP on the local population and secondary aim is to evaluate that what extent the CMHP have been able to prepare them to take responsibility of the CMHP as a whole. Materials and Methods: Using systematic random sampling method 1486 respondents were selected and data collect using a questionnaire. In-depth interviews, focus group discussions, participant's observation and secondary data sources were also used. Inferences drown based on above all data sources. Results and Conclusion: Two-third of the studied population and more so in the target area expressed that the community can take responsibility of running their own CMHPs. Though, the larger population of them is still not acquainted with the activities of the CMHP, the program deserves support to sustain.
  1,841 279 -
Filicide as a part of extended suicide: An experience of psychotherapy with the survivor
M Manjula, CR Chandrashekar
April-June 2014, 56(2):194-196
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130508  PMID:24891712
The tragedy of maternal filicide and extended suicides has occurred throughout history. Maternal filicide-suicide perpetrators most often suffer from depression, suicidality, or psychosis. Interventions in such cases are not commonly reported in the psychiatric settings, and the components of psychotherapeutic approach and its efficacy are also not known. Here we present a long-term therapy carried out with a 36-year-old married lady, with the complaints of low mood, suicidal ideation, severe guilt feelings, and depressive cognitions. There was positive family history of depression, past history of dysthymia, suicidal attempt, and severe marital discord. Therapy was carried out for a period of 9 months with follow-up for 4 years and addressed existential issues and grief with the components of existential therapy, grief therapy, narratives, religious beliefs, and interpersonal acceptance. The case highlights the need for blending of multiple approaches to meet the challenges such cases can pose.
  1,892 197 -
A fresh look at homosexuality
Abraham Verghese
April-June 2014, 56(2):209-210
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130519  PMID:24891721
  1,733 319 -
A case of psychosis due to Fahr's syndrome and response to behavioral disturbances with risperidone and oxcarbazepine
Abhijeet Dhawalram Faye, Sushil Gawande, Rahul Tadke, Vivek C Kirpekar, Sudhir H Bhave
April-June 2014, 56(2):188-190
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130506  PMID:24891710
Calcification of basal ganglia or Fahr's syndrome is a rare disease characterized by bilateral and symmetrical intracranial deposition of calcium mainly in cerebral basal ganglia. Motor and neuropsychiatric symptoms are prominent features. We report a case presented with a few motor symptoms, features of delirium and prominent psychiatric symptoms (disorganized behavior) predominantly evident after the improvement in delirium. Radiological findings were suggestive of bilateral basal ganglia calcification. Parathyroid hormone levels were low with no significant findings in other investigations and negative family history. Patient showed significant improvement in behavioral disturbances with risperidone, low dose of lorazepam, oxcarbazepine, and memantine.
  1,755 161 -
Moving psychopharmacological drug development to the developing world
TS Sathyanarayana Rao, Chittaranjan Andrade
April-June 2014, 56(2):105-106
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130472  PMID:24891692
  1,603 293 -
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-5 and dementia: Fine print, finer points
KS Jacob
April-June 2014, 56(2):117-120
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130478  PMID:24891696
  1,534 349 -
Pharmacovigilance for psychiatrists: An introduction
Ravi Philip Rajkumar, George Melvin
April-June 2014, 56(2):176-181
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130502  PMID:24891707
  1,549 278 -
Clozapine and cancer treatment: Adding to the experience and evidence
Jayita K Deodhar, Kumar Prabhash, Jai P Agarwal, Pankaj Chaturvedi
April-June 2014, 56(2):191-193
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130507  PMID:24891711
The judiciousness of the use of clozapine in patients with schizophrenia in clinical practice is brought to an even sharper focus when it has to be used in combination with other agents that cause myelosuppression, for example, chemotherapy and radiation treatment. There are a few references till date illustrating the combination of clozapine and chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. To the best of our knowledge, such a case has not been reported from India. We report the case of a 39-year-old gentleman with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, remaining psychiatrically stable on clozapine, who underwent combination treatment of chemotherapy and radiotherapy for the treatment of cancer of the tongue in a tertiary care oncology centre in India.
  1,522 144 1
Relevance of parapsychology in psychiatric practice: Response to Dr. R. C. Jiloha's comments
RC Jiloha
April-June 2014, 56(2):208-208
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130517  PMID:24891719
  1,417 123 -
Rapid, illegible handwriting as a symptom of obsessive-compulsive disorder
Amar Bavle, Chittaranjan Andrade, M Vidhyavathi
April-June 2014, 56(2):200-201
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130511  PMID:24891714
This is a case report of a 13 year male child who had co-morbid OCD and trichotillomania. On evaluation, he had rapid, illegible handwriting as a symptom of OCD, which has hitherto not been reported.
  1,368 168 -
Relevance of parapsychology in psychiatric practice: Response to Dr. R. C. Jiloha's comments
Satwant K Pasricha
April-June 2014, 56(2):206-208
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130516  PMID:24891718
  1,274 126 -
Rimonabant-induced depression in schizophrenia
Rashmi Arasappa, Naren P Rao, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Nalini N Reddy, Rishikesh V Behere, Palanimuthu T Sivakumar, Bangalore N Gangadhar
April-June 2014, 56(2):205-205
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130513  PMID:24891716
  1,067 101 -
Methodological considerations in studying psycho-social aspects of suicide
Piyali Mandal, Sathya Prakash
April-June 2014, 56(2):208-209
DOI:10.4103/0019-5545.130518  PMID:24891720
  771 150 -
Sravanti Sanivarapu
April-June 2014, 56(2):141-141
  704 209 -
Walk your life path
Sravanti Sanivarapu
April-June 2014, 56(2):142-142
  600 126 -