|Year : 1999 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 307-313
Psychosocial Profile of juvenile Diabetes
Jyoti Dass1, HS Dhavale2, Anup Rathi1
1 Resident, Department of Psychiatry, BYL Merchantable Hospital, Mumbai Central, Mumbai-400 008, India
2 Professor & Head, Department of Psychiatry, BYL Merchantable Hospital, Mumbai Central, Mumbai-400 008, India
A study of the complex relationships between the patient characteristics, family and environmental influences, physician's behaviour and the demands of the disease with its management in Juvenile Diabetics was taken up at a general hospital.
90 subjects were selected for the study and grouped into three. Group A consisted of 30 Juvenile Diabetics, Group B of 30 Adult Diabetics and Group C of 30 Normal healthy adolescents. The impact of the illness was measured on the Diabetes Impact Measurement Scale (DIMS), the behavioural deviations and the parental attitudes towards child rearing on the Fallstrom's Questionnaire (FQ) and the family environment on the Family Climate Scale (FCS). Psychiatric morbidity was assessed using DSM-IV criteria. Group A & B were compared on the DIMS and Group A &C on FQ & FCS.
Adult diabetics had a greater impact of diabetes. Juvenile diabetics had significantly higher frequency of behavioural deviations as compared to controls. Also there was a higher number of responses on questions indicating an overprotecting attitude amongst parents of juvenile diabetics. There was an increased incidence of psychiatric morbidity in juvenile diabetics as compared to normal adolescents irrespective of the family environment. The results are discussed in relation to current literature.
Resident, Department of Psychiatry, BYL Merchantable Hospital, Mumbai Central, Mumbai-400 008
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None