|Year : 1999 | Volume
| Issue : 4 | Page : 314-319
A Comparative Study of Psychological Factors in Patients with Normal and Abnormal Angiographic Findings
Malay Dave1, HS Dhavale2
1 Resident, Department of Psychiatry, Topiwala National Medical College & BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai-400008, India
2 Professor & Head, Department of Psychiatry, Topiwala National Medical College & BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai-400008, India
Chest pain is one of the most common symptoms in psychiatric and primary care practice and a frequent reason for extensive diagnostic work-up. Despite extensive investigations no recognizable medical cause to account for these symptoms is detected in many patients with chest pain. Studies of patients with non-cardiac chest pain have revealed that many continue to report symptoms and disability despite medical reassurances.
The aims of the study were to evaluate the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity, personality profile and stressors along with functional impairment in patients with chest pain and normal angiographic findings and compare the same with patients who have chest pain but abnormal angiographic findings and a diagnosis of ischemic heart disease. The study included 30 consecutive patients in each group. The scales used were SCID-I of DSM-III-R, 16-PF, semi structured questionnaire for assessment of type A behaviour, PSLES and GAF scale of DSM-III-R.
Panic disorder and depression were highly prevalent in patients with atypical chest pain. These patients had lower prevalence of type A behaviour, a unique 16-PF profile, experienced more stresses at any given point in time and significant impairment in day-day and in socio-occupational functioning.
Resident, Department of Psychiatry, Topiwala National Medical College & BYL Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai-400008
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None