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ARTICLE
Year : 2002  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 348-352

Prevalence and Pattern of Alcohol and Substance Abuse in Urban Areas of Rohtak City


1 Medical Officer, Pt. B.O. Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak-124001- Haryana, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of SPM, Pt. B.O. Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak-124001- Haryana, India
3 Professor & Head, Department of Psychiatry, Pt. B.O. Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak-124001- Haryana, India
4 Lecturer Department of Medicine, Pt. B.O. Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak-124001- Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Meena
29/9J, Medical Enclave, Pt.BDS. PG/MS, Rohtak-124001
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 21206598

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A sample of 4,691 subjects aged 14 years and above were interviewed on a schedule based on WHO Questionnaire to collect information about prevalence & pattern of alcohol and substance abuse The study revealed a prevalence rate of 19 78%. 42.41% of users were in the age group of 25-34 years while 44.1 % were literate (up to matric). 45.04% among labourers were alcohol users. In terms of age of onset, 94.83% respondents had their first drink between the ages of 15-25 years. Most common type of alcohol consumed was country liquor by 69.07%. Majority (63.44%) of alcohol users said that they usually drink with some companion, only in the evening and night. 50.03% had arguments with family or friends after taking alcohol while 13.57% alcohol abusers confessed that they had neglected their family and work due to alcohol. In family history of 23.16% alcohol users, father was abusing alcohol. 26.61% alcohol users cited to be sociable as reason for their drinking. 16.81% users were smokers also while 6.89% had the habit of taking Pan Masala/Zarda. 2.04% of alcohol users were taking soolfa also along with alcohol while the frequency of opium and cannabis abuse was 1.51 and 1.18% respectively.



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