Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2004  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 238-243

Psychosocial Dysfunction and Family Burden in Schizophrenia and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

1 Consultant, Social Service Area, Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad, India
2 Director, Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Kozhikode-763016, India
3 Department of Psychiatric Social Work, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, India
4 Associate Prof. of Psychiatry, Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, India
5 Additional Prof. of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro-Sciences, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
Josy K Thomas
House No. 5-265/A, lane-2, Syndicate Bank Colony, Bowenpally, Secunderabad 500 011
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 21224905

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This study aimed to assess and compare the extent and pattern of psychosocial dysfunction and family burden in schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder, and to identify interrelationships between the two variables in these two disorders. First-degree relatives/spouses of 35 schizophrenic and 30 OCD patients were interviewed using the Dysfunction Analysis Questionnaire (DAQ) and the Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS). Global score and scores in vocational, personal, familial and cognitive areas on the DAQ, and global score, subjective score, and scores on items such as financial burden, disruption of family-routine, disruption of family leisure and disruption of family interactions on the FBIS were significantly higher in the schizophrenic group. Dysfunction in social area was comparable in two groups. OCD group showed a significant positive correlation between dysfunction and all areas of family burden except physical and mental health. Schizophrenic group showed a significant positive correlation between dysfunction and disruption of family interaction. The implications of these findings are discussed.



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