|BRIEF RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS
|Year : 2005 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 51-53
Neurocognitive function in women affected by the Bhopal gas disaster
RN Sahu1, GP Naik2, Asha Dusad1, Vikas K Agrawal1
1 Department of Psychiatry, Hamidia Hospital, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, MP, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Hamidia Hospital, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, MP, India
Background: Methyl isocynate (MIC) is a reactive, toxic, volatile and inflammable gas. Exposure to MIC causes neurotoxicity and somatic abnormalities in human beings.
Aim : We compared neurocognitive function in MIC-exposed women and a control group, as well as cognitive function in the MIC group and examined them with reference to age.
Methods: The study sample comprised 30 women and a control group of 30 women. Both the groups were subjected to a detailed neuropsychiatric examination along with assessment of neurocognitive function using the PGI-Battery of Brain Dysfunction (PGI-BBD).
Results: Mean scores of immediate recall, visual retention, difference in performance quotient/verbal quotient, Nahar-Bensen and Bender-Gestalt test were significantly affected in MIC-exposed women. However, among MIC-exposed women, neurocognitive functions were similarly affected in women in various age groups.
Conclusion: Women in the MIC-exposed group had significant neurocognitive dysfunction in some specific areas as compared to women in the control group. The mean score of dysfunction rating of the PGI-BBD showed significant differences in neurocognitive functions between MIC-exposed and non-exposed women.
R N Sahu
Department of Psychiatry, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, MP
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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