Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 38-41

Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia: A study of symptomatology

1 Department of Psychiatry, Bethsada Hospital, Vengola. P.O, Perumbavoor, Kerala, India
2 Dementia Care Centre, Palarivattom, Kochi, India

Correspondence Address:
S Shaji
Department of Psychiatry, Bethsada Hospital, Vengola P.O., Perumbavoor - 683 554, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.44903

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Background : Behavioral disturbances are integral to the dementing process and contribute adversely to the quality of life of the patients and caregivers. Information regarding the nature of symptoms in Alzheimer's disease is limited in the Indian context. Aim: To study the nature of symptoms in Alzheimer's disease using the Malayalam adaptation of Behavioral Pathology in Alzheimer's disease Rating Scale (BEHAVE-AD). Materials and Methods: Forty patients diagnosed as having Alzheimer's disease as per DSM-IV criteria were studied using the Malayalam version of BEHAVE-AD. Results: Delusions and paranoid ideations were present in 53% of the sample studied and 33% had hallucinations. Activity disturbances were seen in 65%, aggressive symptoms in 75% and diurnal rhythm disturbances in 55%. Affective disturbances and anxiety symptoms were present in 37% and 43% respectively. Conclusion : The prevalence of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia was found to be high.



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