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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 218-223

Development and validation of the domestic violence questionnaire in married women aged 18-55 years


1 Department of Psychiatry, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
2 Clinical Epidemiology Resource and Training Centre, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
P V Indu
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.86811

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Background: Intimate partner violence against women is seen in all cultures. It has wide-ranging effects on the physical and psychological health of women. In the local language, available questionnaires are either too exhaustive or inadequate to assess domestic violence comprehensively. Objective: To develop a Domestic Violence Questionnaire in Malayalam and validate it for married women aged 18-55 years in the local population. Study design: Descriptive study - Validation of questionnaire. Materials and Methods: A 29-item questionnaire, to identify domestic violence over the past 1 year, was developed in the local language, by selecting items from two other questionnaires and based on expert opinion. Item reduction was done after pilot testing. Then, this 25-item questionnaire was administered to 276 married women aged 18-55 years. Reliability and validity were estimated. Factor analysis was done for item reduction. Poor-loading, wrong-loading and cross-loading items were removed from the questionnaire. Taking the subjective perception of the participants regarding themselves experiencing domestic violence as the gold standard, a Receiver Operator Characteristic curve was drawn to decide the cut-off score with optimum sensitivity and specificity. Results: The final questionnaire had 20 items - 13 items for psychological and 7 items for physical violence. Internal consistency reliability was 0.92. At a cut-off score of 5, sensitivity was 89.5% and specificity 87.2%. Conclusions: The Domestic Violence Questionnaire in Malayalam has adequate psychometric properties to identify intimate partner violence against women in the local population.



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