|BRIEF RESEARCH COMMUNICATION
|Year : 2013 | Volume
| Issue : 2 | Page : 170-172
Ocular disorder in children with mental retardation
Rajesh Subhash Joshi1, Abhishek Arun Kumar Somani2
1 Department of Ophthalmology, Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College, Yavatmal, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Background: Ocular problems are common in mentally retarded children. Due to population growth these problems are increasing. Prevalence rate is variable from region to region. Data on ocular problems in mentally retarded school children is lacking in this region.
Aim: The aim of the present study was to identify the ocular disorders in children with mental retardation attending special schools in a district and to study their relationship with the degree of retardation.
Materials and Methods: A total of 241 mentally retarded school children in the age group of 6-16 years attending special schools for the mentally retarded children in a district in central India were examined by a team of ophthalmologist, psychiatrist, and a resident in ophthalmology department of a medical college. Complete ocular examination was done. Ocular problems were identified and categorized according to the intelligent quotient.
Results: One hundred and twenty four children (51.45%) had ocular problems. Strabismus (10.37%) and refractive error (20.75%) were the common ocular problems seen in this study. An association was found between the severity of mental retardation and ocular problems ( P<0.005). However, no association was seen between the severity of mental retardation and strabismus and refractive error.
Conclusion: A high prevalence of ocular problems was seen in mentally retarded school children. Children with mental retardation should undergo annual ophthalmological check up. Early detection and correction of ocular problems will prevent visual impairment in future.
Rajesh Subhash Joshi
77, Panchatara Housing Society, Manish Nagar, Somalwada, Nagpur - 440 015, Maharastra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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