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BRIEF RESEARCH COMMUNICATION
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 287-289

Depression and type D personality among undergraduate medical students


Department of Biochemistry and Psychiatry, Midnapore Medical College, Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Soma Gupta
College of Medicine and Sagore Dutta Hospital, Kolkata 58, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.117151

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Context: Academic pressure, though established, is an unavoidable cause of depression in medical students. Role of Type D personality as determinant of depression is a new approach to the problem. Aim: Determination of relationship between Type D personality and Depression among medical students. Setting and Design: Undergraduate students (both male and female, total 150) of Midnapore Medical College. Materials and Methods: Beck Depression Inventory for depression and DS 14 for type D personality. Statistical Analysis: The scores were expressed as mean + SD. The significance of difference between the scores was done by Fisher's 2 sample t test. Results and Conclusion: Prevalence rate of depression was 45.3%, which was mostly of mild type (34%). Type D personality was present in 70% cases of which 15.3% had only negative affectivity, 23.3% had only social inhibition and 31% had both the components. Both depression & Type D personality were present in 36% cases. Negative affectivity component was significantly associated with depression which could be therapeutically controlled.



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