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|Year : 2015 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 295-300
Depressive symptoms in late life in urban and semi-urban areas of South-West Greece: An undetected disorder?
Konstantinos Argyropoulos1, Christos Bartsokas2, Argyro Argyropoulou3, Philippos Gourzis4, Eleni Jelastopulu2
1 Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Patras; Department of Psychiatry, Panarcadian General Hospital of Tripolis, Greece
2 Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Patras, Greece
3 Health Centre of Andravida, Greece
4 Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Patras, Greece
Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and probable under-diagnosis of depressive symptoms in elderly of an urban and semi-urban area in Greece.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the members of 4 days care centers for older people (KAPI), three in the municipality of Patras, West-Greece, and in one in Tripolis, Peloponnese, Greece. A total of 378 individuals took part in the study, aged >60 years. A questionnaire was developed to collect basic demographic data, including three questions from the European Health Interview Survey, regarding self-reported or by a physician-diagnosed depression. Moreover, to all participants the Greek validated version of the Geriatric Depression Scale-15 (GDS-15) was applied, to screen for depressive symptoms.
Results: According to GDS-15, 48.1% of the studied population screened positive for depressive symptoms (38.6% moderate, 9.5% severe), whereas having ever been affected with chronic depression reported 19.0% by themselves. In 162 members of KAPI of Patras and in 106 of Tripolis, who never reported have been affected by depression and depressive symptoms were observed in 27.7% and 44.7%, respectively. In 28 individuals from Patras, who reported not to know if they have depression and in 10 from Tripolis, depressive symptoms were observed in 60.7% and 90%, respectively, applying the GDS-15.
Conclusion: Except the high prevalence, the present study reveals a remarkable under-detection of depressive symptoms in older adults. Various interventions in primary care are necessary so as to increase detection rates of depression among the elderly.
Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Patras, 26500 Rio
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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