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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 58  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 121-128

The rights of persons with Disability Bill, 2014: How “enabling” is it for persons with mental illness?


1 Consultant Psychiatrist, President of Indian Psychiatric Society Director, Schizophrenia and Psychopharmacology Division, Asha Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Research Officer, Asha Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (Institute of National Importance), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gundugurti Prasad Rao
Schizophrenia and Psychopharmacology Division, 294, Road No. 14, Asha Hospital, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500 034, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.183795

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India ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Person with Disabilities (UNCRPD) in 2007. This is a welcome step towards realizing the rights of the persons with disability. The UNCRPD proclaims that disability results from interaction of impairments with attitudinal and environmental barriers which hinders full and active participation in society on an equal basis with others. Further, the convention also mandates the signatory governments to change their local laws, to identify and eliminate obstacles and barriers and to comply with the terms of the UNCRPD in order to protect the rights of the person with disabilities, hence the amendments of the national laws. Hence, the Government of India drafted two important bill the Right of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2014 (RPWD Bill, 2014) and Mental Health Care Bill, 2013 (MHC Bill, 2013). There is no doubt that persons with mental illness are stigmatized and discriminated across the civil societies, which hinders full and active participation in society. This situation becomes worse with regard to providing mental health care, rehabilitation and social welfare measures to persons with mental illness. There is an urgent need to address this issue of attitudinal barrier so that the rights of persons with mental illness is upheld. Hence, this article discusses shortcomings in the Right of Persons with Disabilities Bill, 2014 (RPWD Bill, 2014) from the perspective of persons with mental illness. Further, the article highlights the need to synchronize both the RPWD Bill, 2014 and Mental Health Care Bill, 2013 to provide justice for persons with mental illness.



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