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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 58  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 147-151

A case–control study of psychological distress in survivors of farmers' suicides in Wardha District in central India


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, MGM's Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
2 Professor and Head, Director Research and Development, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, JNMC Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manik Changoji Bhise
Department of Psychiatry, MGM's Medical College N-6, CIDCO, Aurangabad, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.183779

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Context: Lack of literature on psychological aspects of survivors of farmers' suicides is hurdle in devising effective helping strategies for rising number of survivors across the country. Aims and Objectives: To assess the psychological distress and its correlates in survivors of farmers' suicides. Settings and Design: Case–control study design was used in Wardha District of Vidarbha region in the central India. Materials and Methods: A predesigned and pretested semistructured questionnaire was used to assess sociodemographic variables. Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20 was used to evaluate psychological distress in 98 survivors of farmers' suicides and 98 age, sex, and occupation-matched controls. Statistical Analysis: Significance of differences between case and control groups were assessed using Chi-square test or Fisher's two-tailed exact test for class variables. For continuous variables, Student's t-test was used P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Significantly higher proportion of survivors had psychological distress than controls. Female survivors, spouse and parents of suicide victims had a high risk of distress. Psychological distress was commonly expressed by depressive and somatic symptoms. Conclusions: Survivors of farmers' suicides are suffering from significant psychological distress.



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