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 Table of Contents    
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 123
Interpersonal relationships: Building blocks of a society

St. John's Research Institute, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

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Date of Web Publication12-Apr-2017

How to cite this article:
Sravanti L. Interpersonal relationships: Building blocks of a society. Indian J Psychiatry 2017;59:123

How to cite this URL:
Sravanti L. Interpersonal relationships: Building blocks of a society. Indian J Psychiatry [serial online] 2017 [cited 2021 Jul 28];59:123. Available from:

Man is a social being who constantly interacts with his peers and is influenced by his relationships with others. Interpersonal social cognitive theory of self postulates that relationships regulate an individual's emotions and also modulate his behavior in the future interactions.[1] Interpersonal intelligence is one of the multiple intelligences recognized by Gardner.[2]

Relationships can be of different types based on the relational context and expectations that the individuals have of one another, such as friendship, family, or professional relationship.[3] Levinger elucidated stages of heterosexual adult romantic interpersonal relationships. They are acquaintanceship, buildup, continuation, deterioration, and ending.[4] These stages hold good for other types of relationships as well.

Dynamics of adult relationships can be explained by attachment theory.[5] Social attachments and behaviors are mediated by central oxytocinergic system.[6] Limbic cortico-subcortical and frontotemporal areas are implicated in the perception and regulation of social emotional information, respectively.[7]

Nobody is perfect and no two minds think alike. When there are differences of opinion, people must agree to disagree. The swirls in the picture represent two souls springing from a common stem yet maintaining their individuality and distinct core personalities. Attractive forces represented by brown spikes bring them close to each other and bind them together. Despite their inadequacies and eccentricities that are depicted in the form of red patches and yellow spheres, respectively, they are sharing the delicate bond and living in harmony together.

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   References Top

Andersen SM, Chen S. The relational self: An interpersonal social-cognitive theory. Psychol Rev 2002;109:619-45.  Back to cited text no. 1
Gardner H. Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York: Basic Books; 1983.  Back to cited text no. 2
Doyle TA. Types of Interpersonal Relationships; 2016. Available from: [Last updated on 2005 Jan 19; Last cited on 2016 Dec 18].  Back to cited text no. 3
Levinger G. Development and change. In: Kelley HH, Berscheid E, Christensen A, Harvey JH, Huston TL, Levinger G, et al., editors. Close Relationships. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company; 1983. p. 315-59.  Back to cited text no. 4
Hazan C, Shaver PR. Attachment as an organizational framework for research on close relationships. Psychol Inq 1994;5:1-22.  Back to cited text no. 5
Insel TR, Young LJ. The neurobiology of attachment. Nat Rev Neurosci 2001;2:129-36.  Back to cited text no. 6
Vrticka P, Vuilleumier P. Neuroscience of human social interactions and adult attachment style. Front Hum Neurosci 2012;6:212.  Back to cited text no. 7

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DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_70_17

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