Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 59  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 420-428

Religiosity among patients with schizophrenia: An exploratory study

Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sandeep Grover
Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh - 160 012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_17_17

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Aim: This study aimed to compare the religiosity and religious coping of patients with schizophrenia with a healthy control group and to assess the correlation between the level of religiosity and religious coping with residual psychopathology, level of functioning, and quality of life (QOL). Methodology: Patients of schizophrenia were assessed on religiousness measure scale, duke religion index (DUREL), brief religious coping scale (RCOPE), positive and negative symptom scale, and World Health Organization QOL-BREF version. Results: Of the 100 patients of schizophrenia, 99% reported that they believed in God. About 60% of patients attended religious places either once a week or more and 56% of patients indulged in private religious activity at least once a day. Two-third of the participants had high intrinsic religiosity score. The mean score of positive religious coping (PRC) subscale was 14.56 and that for negative religious coping (NRC) subscale was 8.31. No significant difference was noted in the various domains of religious measure scale, DUREL, and PRC between patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls. However, compared to healthy controls, patients more often used NRC. Various aspects of religiosity (except for negative RCOPE score) correlated negatively with residual psychopathology and positively with functioning and QOL. Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest that high proportions of patients with schizophrenia are religious and this is similar to healthy controls in the community. Higher level of religiosity and more frequent use of religious coping are associated with lower level of psychopathology and better QOL.



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