|Year : 2018 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 324-328
Cross-sectional study of psychiatric morbidity in patients with melasma
Sharmishtha Shailesh Deshpande1, Swapna S Khatu2, Geeta S Pardeshi3, Neeta R Gokhale2
1 Department of Psychiatry, Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College and General Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College and General Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Vardhaman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
Context: Patients with dermatological problems have higher prevalence of psychiatric illnesses than the general population. Melasma, hyperpigmentation of skin over sun-exposed areas, has bidirectional cause-effect relationship with depression and stress through psycho-neuro-endocrine pathways.
Aims: The aim of this study is to study the psychiatric morbidity and perceived stress in patients with melasma and statistically compare objective study parameters with those without melasma.
Settings and Design: This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in Tertiary hospital in urban setting, jointly by psychiatrist and dermatologist.
Methods and Materials: The study involved 50 consecutive patients with melasma and 30 relatives of patients coming to dermatology clinic not having any skin disorder. Cases were assessed by psychiatrist as per the International Classification of Diseases-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research, Cohen's 4 item perceived stress scale, Disability Assessment Scale 2.0 by WHO and Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) and Dermatologist calculated melasma area severity index score (MASI).
Results: Majority patients were females (88%) in the reproductive age group. The most common psychiatric morbidity seen in 42% cases was major depressive disorder. Adjustment disorder (26%) was the second most common diagnosis. Nonparametric analysis using Mann–Whitney U test revealed significantly more perceived stress (P = 0.001), more disability (P = 0.000) and anxiety-depression on HADS (P = 0.0 16) in cases than in their relatives.
Limitations: This was a hospital-based study and thus melasma patients in the community are not represented. Small sample size, less number of controls, lack of structured diagnostic interview are other limitations of this study.
Conclusions: There is high psychiatric comorbidity (76%) of depressive and stress disorders, higher functional disability and perceived stress in patients with melasma compared to controls.
Dr. Sharmishtha Shailesh Deshpande
Department of Psychiatry, Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College and General Hospital, Narhe, Pune - 411 041, Maharashtra
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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