Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 283-289

Relationship between life skills, repetitive negative thinking, family function, and life satisfaction in attempted suicide

1 Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Shaqra University, Shaqra, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Psychiatry, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Medicine, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Dushad Ram
College of Medicine, Shaqra University, Shaqra, Ar Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_533_18

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Background: Impaired life skills, family dysfunction, negative thinking and low life satisfaction may predispose to suicidal behavior. There is paucity of study that examined these variables in suicide attempt. Aims: This study was conducted to know the levels and the relationships of these variables in attempted suicide. Settings and Design: Hospital-based cross-sectional. Materials and Methods: In this hospital-based cross-sectional study, 328 participants with a history of attempted suicide were assessed using socio-demographic and clinical pro forma, life skills profile (LSP), perseverative thinking questionnaire (PTQ), satisfaction with life scale (SLS), and family assessment device (FAD) after obtaining informed consent. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistics, Mann–Whitney U and Kruskal–Wallis-H test and regression analysis. Results: Results revealed a mean scores on PTQ, LSP, SLS, and FAD to be 29.93 (standard deviation [SD] =13.5), 21.32 (SD = 13.5), 15.71 (SD = 6.8), and 26.46 (SD = 4.57), respectively. In linear regression analysis (R2 = 0.815, df = 3, F = 475.715, P = 0.001), LSP score had a statistically significant positive association with PTQ score (beta = 0.861, t = 32.76, P = 0.001) and FAD score (beta = 0.068, t = 2.79, P = 0.0046); while negative association with SLS score (beta = −0.078, t = −2.92, P = 0.004). Conclusions: The study findings suggest of impaired life skills, life dissatisfaction, impaired family function, and elevated repetitive negative thinking pattern in attempted suicide. Better life skills have a positive association with higher life satisfaction, family function, and low repetitive thinking and thus seem to have a protective effect against suicidal behavior in the population.



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